Climate change and waterborne and vector‐borne disease

  title={Climate change and waterborne and vector‐borne disease},
  author={Paul R. Hunter},
  journal={Journal of Applied Microbiology},
  • P. Hunter
  • Published 8 April 2003
  • Environmental Science
  • Journal of Applied Microbiology
This paper considers the potential impact on human health from waterborne and vector-borne infections. It concentrates on the impact of two possible changes to climate; increased frequency of heavy rainfall events, with associated flooding and increased temperature. Flooding is associated with increased risk of infection in developing nations but not in the West unless water sources are compromised. There have been numerous reported of outbreaks that followed flooding that led to contamination… 
Environmental health aspects of drinking water-borne outbreak due to karst flooding: case study.
The increasing importance of preparedness for extreme water events in order to protect the karstic water sources and to avoid waterborne outbreaks is underlines.
Dimensions of Effects of Climate Change on Water-Transmitted Infectious
Climate factors not only affect pathogen behaviour, but also influence human behaviour, thus stressing the need to study both the complexity of pathogenbehaviour and social behaviour with respect to expected climate changes.
Water-Borne Infectious Disease Outbreaks Associated with Water Scarcity and Rainfall Events
An important number of major infectious diseases are related to water. The greatest consequences for the human population are the faecal-oral water-borne infectious diseases, which are transmitted by
Climate Change and Water-Related Infectious Diseases
The need to maintain and develop timely surveillance and rapid epidemiological responses to outbreaks and emergence of new waterborne pathogens in all countries will be essential in preventing excess morbidity and mortality in areas that will suffer from substantial changes in climate in the future.
Waterborne Diseases Arising From Climate Change
  • S. E. Baz, K. Kahime
  • Environmental Science
    Advances in Environmental Engineering and Green Technologies
  • 2019
As a result of increased frequency and intensity of heat waves, increased floods and droughts, change in climate will affect biological, physical, and chemical components of water through different
Direct and indirect effects of climate change on the risk of infection by water-transmitted pathogens.
This review provides an overview of the most important effects of climate change on human health and shows the importance of QMRA to quantify the net effects.
Impact of recent and future climate change on vector‐borne diseases
This review highlights significant regional changes in vector and pathogen distribution reported in temperate, peri‐Arctic, Arctic, and tropical highland regions during recent decades, changes that have been anticipated by scientists worldwide.
Possible impact of rising sea levels on vector-borne infectious diseases
Rising sea levels can act synergistically with climate change and then interact in a complex manner with other environmental and socio-economic factors to generate a greater potential for the transmission of vector-borne infectious diseases.


Climate variability and change in the United States: potential impacts on vector- and rodent-borne diseases.
The tremendous growth in international travel increases the risk of importation of vector-borne diseases, some of which can be transmitted locally under suitable circumstances at the right time of the year, and it is unlikely that these diseases will cause major epidemics in the United States if the public health infrastructure is maintained and improved.
Detection and disinfection of pathogens in storm-generated flows.
Current bacterial indicators in use today are ill suited to accurately assess the water's total illness-producing capabilities, and the need for additional epidemiological studies that address the disease-causing potential of nonhuman and nonenteric pathogens commonly found in storm-water runoff from urban, agricultural, and rural watershed areas is emphasized.
A large outbreak of cryptosporidiosis associated with a public water supply from a deep chalk borehole. Outbreak Investigation Team.
This is the first published report of a cryptosporidium outbreak caused by filtered borehole water and it is believed to be the largest outbreak due to groundwater to have been reported.
Outbreak of cryptosporidiosis associated with a disinfected groundwater supply
There was very strong evidence that this outbreak of cryptosporidiosis in Warrington was waterborne, and it demonstrates that infection can be transmitted from a disinfected groundwater source despite apparently satisfactory treated water quality.
The association between extreme precipitation and waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States, 1948-1994.
The statistically significant association found between rainfall and disease in the United States is important for water managers, public health officials, and risk assessors of future climate change.
An outbreak of waterborne cryptosporidiosis associated with a public water supply in the UK
A case control study demonstrated an association between illness and the consumption of tapwater from this source; those drinking large volumes being more likely to have been ill.
An outbreak of waterborne cryptosporidiosis caused by post-treatment contamination
An irregular seepage of oocyst-containing water, which increased during heavy rains, was the cause of the break-pressure tank contamination, rather than a failure of the water-treatment processes.
Climate and infectious disease: use of remote sensing for detection of Vibrio cholerae by indirect measurement.
  • B. Lobitz, L. Beck, R. Colwell
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2000
Confirming the hypothesis that V. cholerae is autochthonous to the aquatic environment and is a commensal of zooplankton, i.e., copepods, when combined with the findings of the satellite data analyses, provide strong evidence that cholera epidemics are climate-linked.
[Magnitude of rainfall on viral contamination of the marine environment during gastroenteritis epidemics in human coastal population].
The magnitude of the viral contamination of shellfish seems to result from the simultaneity between the winter epidemics of acute gastroenteritis in the coastal population and heavy rainfall, which could create an hydraulic overload in the sewage treatment plant, reducing the staying time of the sewage effluents and thus the efficiency of the disinfection process.