Climate change and the collapse of the Akkadian empire: Evidence from the deep sea

  title={Climate change and the collapse of the Akkadian empire: Evidence from the deep sea},
  author={Heidi M. Cullen and Peter B. deMenocal and Sidney R. Hemming and Gary Hemming and Francis H. Brown and Thomas P. Guilderson and Frank Sirocko},
The Akkadian empire ruled Mesopotamia from the headwaters of the Tigris-Euphrates Rivers to the Persian Gulf during the late third millennium B.C. Archeological evidence has shown that this highly developed civilization collapsed abruptly near 4170 ± 150 calendar yr B.P., perhaps related to a shift to more arid conditions. Detailed paleoclimate records to test this assertion from Mesopotamia are rare, but changes in regional aridity are preserved in adjacent ocean basins. We document Holocene… 

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