Climate change and human health: present and future risks

  title={Climate change and human health: present and future risks},
  author={Anthony J. McMichael and Rosalie E. Woodruff and Simon Hales},
  journal={The Lancet},

Figures from this paper

Climate change. A global threat to cardiopulmonary health.

The global human health consequences of projected changes in climate for which there is a high level of confidence and scientific evidence of health effects are reviewed, with a focus on cardiopulmonary health.

Direct Health Effects of Climate Change: an Overview

Allegations of harmful effects of climate warming on health are based on increased deaths observed in heat waves, especially in European cities. Year-round mortality data show, however, that death

Climate change and human health in the United States.

The United States is a wealthy country with a well-developed public health infrastructure, climate change is expected to have less of a health impact here than in the developing world, where changes are likely to be devastating, but even in the United States, the health impacts of climate change may be significant.

Climate change and human health: a One Health approach.

  • J. PatzMicah Hahn
  • Environmental Science
    Current topics in microbiology and immunology
  • 2013
A brief introduction to climate science and projections for the next century and a review of current knowledge on the impacts of climate-driven environmental change on human health are presented.

A brief review of global climate change and the public health consequences.

  • Ivan Parise
  • Medicine
    Australian journal of general practice
  • 2018
The association between fossil fuels and GCC, the consequent environmental changes and the predicted public health effects are examined, with a focus on vulnerable populations in the tropics.

Implications of Global Climate Change for Housing, Human Settlements and Public Health

It is concluded that adapting to a rapidly changing global environment will be a major challenge, in the context of increasing population and per capita consumption, without increasing pressures on natural systems.

Climate Change and Human Health: Building Australia’s Adaptation Capacity

The links between climate change and health have been reported by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which states that climate change is already contributing to the global burden of

Impact of Global Climate Change on Human Health and Risk Prevention

The health sector needs to play a key role in disease prevention, health education, disaster preparedness and effective measures to treat early evidence of impact affecting health, as a result of global warming.



How much disease could climate change cause

Given the clear evidence that many health outcomes are highly sensitive to climate variations, it is inevitable that long-term climate change will have some effect on global population health.

Environmental change, climate and health : issues and research methods

1. Global environmental changes: anticipating and assessing risks to health A. J. McMichael and P. Martens 2. Historical connections between climate, medical thought and human health A. G. Carmichael

The Impact of Global Warming on Health and Mortality

The most important single piece of advice at the time a heat wave strikes is that people having dangerous heat stress need immediate cooling, eg, by a cool bath, and a combination of the older methods, backed up by use of air conditioning, can provide the ideal solution.

Integration of Public Health with Adaptation to Climate Change: Lessons Learned and New Directions

  • I. Roberts
  • Environmental Science
    BMJ : British Medical Journal
  • 2005
The global climate is changing, and faster than ever before. The burning of fossil fuels is adding alarmingly to the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which acts as a radiation blanket

Impact of climatic and other environmental changes on food production and population health in the coming decades

  • A. McMichael
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
  • 2001
The authors' capacity to maintain food supplies for an increasingly large and increasingly expectant world population will depend on maximising the efficiency and sustainability of production methods, incorporating socially-beneficial genetic biotechnologies, and taking pre-emptive action to minimise detrimental ecologically-damaging global environmental changes.

Protecting human health in a changing world: the role of social and economic development.

It is concluded that protecting human health in a changing world requires us to take steps to minimize harmful change wherever possible, and at the same time to be prepared for surprises.

El Niño and health

Climate Change and Human Health. Risks and Responses

This publication contains the collective views of an international group of experts and does not necessarily represent the decisions or the stated policy of the World Health Organization, the World Meteorological Organization, or the United Nations Environment Programme.

Impacts of climate change on aeroallergens: past and future

  • P. Beggs
  • Environmental Science
    Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
  • 2004
There is now considerable evidence to suggest that climate change will have, and has already had, impacts on aeroallergens, which include impacts on pollen amount, pollen allergenicity, pollen season, plant and pollen distribution, and other plant attributes.

Effects of climate change on global food production under SRES emissions and socio-economic scenarios

This paper analyses the global consequences to crop yields, production, and risk of hunger of linked socio-economic and climate scenarios. Potential impacts of climate change are estimated for