Climate Change and Infectious Diseases: From Evidence to a Predictive Framework

  title={Climate Change and Infectious Diseases: From Evidence to a Predictive Framework},
  author={Sonia Altizer and Richard S. Ostfeld and Pieter T. J. Johnson and Susan Kutz and C. Drew Harvell},
  pages={514 - 519}
Scientists have long predicted large-scale responses of infectious diseases to climate change, giving rise to a polarizing debate, especially concerning human pathogens for which socioeconomic drivers and control measures can limit the detection of climate-mediated changes. Climate change has already increased the occurrence of diseases in some natural and agricultural systems, but in many cases, outcomes depend on the form of climate change and details of the host-pathogen system. In this… 

Understanding how temperature shifts could impact infectious disease

3 major areas of advancement are examined, which include improvements to mechanistic disease models, investigations into the importance of climate variability to disease dynamics, and understanding the consequences of thermal mismatches between host and parasites.

Identifying climate drivers of infectious disease dynamics: recent advances and challenges ahead

The mechanisms by which climate drivers can shape infectious disease incidence, from direct effects on vector life history to indirect effects on human susceptibility, are detailed, and the scope of variation available with which to probe these mechanisms are detailed.

Global change drivers and the risk of infectious disease

Anthropogenic change is contributing to the rise in emerging infectious diseases, but it remains unclear which global change drivers most increase disease and under what contexts. We amassed a

Climate adaptation impacting parasitic infection

This work calls for multidisciplinary actions focusing on One Health to improve and innovate in areas of detection, reporting, and medical countermeasures to combat the growing threat of parasite emergence owing to climate adaptations for better public health outcomes.

Infectious Disease Dynamics in Heterogeneous Landscapes

It is shown that with recent advances in statistical methods and genomic approaches, it is now more feasible than ever to trace disease transmission networks, the molecular underpinning of infection, and the environmental variation relevant to disease dynamics.

Impact of recent and future climate change on vector‐borne diseases

This review highlights significant regional changes in vector and pathogen distribution reported in temperate, peri‐Arctic, Arctic, and tropical highland regions during recent decades, changes that have been anticipated by scientists worldwide.

Climate change and infectious diseases: What can we expect?

  • N. OgdenP. Gachon
  • Medicine, Environmental Science
    Canada communicable disease report = Releve des maladies transmissibles au Canada
  • 2019
Key infectious disease risks associated with climate change are described, including emergence of tick-borne diseases in addition to Lyme disease, the possible introduction of exotic mosquito-borne Diseases such as malaria and dengue, more epidemics of Canada-endemic vector-borne disease such as West Nile virus, and increased incidence of foodborne illnesses.

Introduction to the Symposium: Parasites and Pests in Motion: Biology, Biodiversity and Climate Change.

This symposium was to bring together researchers working on a wide variety of natural enemies (parasites, pathogens, and pests), to exchange knowledge on how aspects of global climate change may alter the distribution and ecology of these organisms and their hosts.



Frontiers in climate change–disease research

Climate Warming and Disease Risks for Terrestrial and Marine Biota

To improve the ability to predict epidemics in wild populations, it will be necessary to separate the independent and interactive effects of multiple climate drivers on disease impact.

Metabolic approaches to understanding climate change impacts on seasonal host-macroparasite dynamics.

Host-macroparasite models are linked with the Metabolic Theory of Ecology, providing a mechanistic framework that allows integrating multiple nonlinear environmental effects to estimate parasite fitness under novel conditions, and thus, whether climate change leads to range contraction or may permit a range expansion.

Climate Change Promotes the Emergence of Serious Disease Outbreaks of Filarioid Nematodes

It is demonstrated that mean summer temperatures exceeding 14°C drive the emergence of disease due to S. tundra, which is a challenge to ecosystem services with direct effects on public health, sustainability of free-ranging and domestic ungulates, and ultimately food security for subsistence cultures at high latitudes.

The Future of Species Under Climate Change: Resilience or Decline?

The fossil record suggests that most species persisted through past climate change, whereas forecasts of future impacts predict large-scale range reduction and extinction, but responses are highly variable.

Impacts of biodiversity on the emergence and transmission of infectious diseases

Overall, despite many remaining questions, current evidence indicates that preserving intact ecosystems and their endemic biodiversity should generally reduce the prevalence of infectious diseases.

Modeling the Effects of Weather and Climate Change on Malaria Transmission

The role that dynamic process-based mathematical models can play in providing strategic insights into the effects of climate change on malaria transmission is investigated and the role that large-scale climate simulations and infectious disease systems may be modeled and analyzed is illustrated.

Predicting outbreaks of a climate-driven coral disease in the Great Barrier Reef

Links between anomalously high sea temperatures and outbreaks of coral diseases known as White Syndromes (WS) represent a threat to Indo-Pacific reefs that is expected to escalate in a changing