Climate Change, Human Impacts, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs

  title={Climate Change, Human Impacts, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs},
  author={Terry P. Hughes and Andrew H. Baird and David R. Bellwood and Melvyn D. Card and Sean R. Connolly and Carl Folke and Richard K Grosberg and Ove Hoegh‐Guldberg and Jeremy B. C. Jackson and Joan Kleypas and Janice M. Lough and Paul A. Marshall and Magnus Nystr{\"o}m and Stephen R. Palumbi and John M. Pandolfi and Brian R. Rosen and Jonathan Roughgarden},
  pages={929 - 933}
The diversity, frequency, and scale of human impacts on coral reefs are increasing to the extent that reefs are threatened globally. Projected increases in carbon dioxide and temperature over the next 50 years exceed the conditions under which coral reefs have flourished over the past half-million years. However, reefs will change rather than disappear entirely, with some species already showing far greater tolerance to climate change and coral bleaching than others. International integration… 

Vulnerability of Coral Reefs

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  • N. Knowlton
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2001
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