Clear Cell Carcinoma of the Endometrium: Evaluation of Prognostic Parameters in a Multi-institutional Cohort of 165 Cases.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Clear cell carcinoma (CCC) comprises a rare yet an aggressive subtype, accounting for less than 5% of all uterine carcinomas. Several clinicopathologic features have been predictive of poor prognosis; however, data remain controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathologic features of a multi-institutional cohort of endometrial CCC in order to identify which, if any, have prognostic significance. METHODS Retrospective review of endometrial CCC diagnosed between 1995 and 2012 at 3 institutions was conducted to evaluate clinicopathologic parameters: age, race, tumor size, stage, myometrial invasion (MI), lymphovascular invasion, lymph node and adnexal involvement, adjuvant therapy, and outcomes. Data were analyzed using Fisher exact, Cox regression, and Kaplan-Meier analyses. RESULTS Patients' ages ranged from 36 to 90 years (median, 67 years). The median tumor size was 3.6 cm. Inner-half MI was present in 44%, lymphovascular invasion in 34%, adnexal involvement in 16%, and lymph node metastasis in 30% of cases. Fifty-eight percent of the patients presented with early-stage disease. The 5-year overall survival (OS) was 58%. Shorter disease-free interval (DFI) was significantly associated with older age at diagnosis (>70 years), advanced-stage disease, adnexal involvement, and deep MI (P = 0.005, P = 0.001, P = 0.001, and P = 0.003, respectively). Patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy had a significantly worse DFI and 5-year OS (P = 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively). A significantly shorter 5-year OS was noted with advanced stage (III-IV) and presence of adnexal involvement (P = 0.001 and P = 0.021, respectively). On Cox regression analysis, advanced-stage disease, older age, and adnexal involvement were significant independent predictors of worse DFI (P = 0.001, P = 0.005, and P = 0.019, respectively), whereas inner-half MI was a significant independent predictor of longer DFI (P = 0.004). Adjuvant radiotherapy alone was a significant independent predictor of better 5-year OS (P = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS In our series of endometrial CCC, older age at diagnosis, advanced stage, deep MI, and adnexal involvement were independent poor prognostic factors. Adjuvant radiotherapy had a significant positive impact on 5-year OS.

DOI: 10.1097/IGC.0000000000001050

Cite this paper

@article{Abdulfatah2017ClearCC, title={Clear Cell Carcinoma of the Endometrium: Evaluation of Prognostic Parameters in a Multi-institutional Cohort of 165 Cases.}, author={Eman Abdulfatah and Sharif Sakr and Sumi Thomas and Zaid R Al-Wahab and David G. Mutch and Sean Dowdy and Sudeshna C. Bandyopadhyay and Adnan R. Munkarah and Mohamed Awad Elshaikh and Robert T. Morris and Rouba Ali-Fehmi}, journal={International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society}, year={2017}, volume={27 8}, pages={1714-1721} }