Clavicle lengthening by distraction osteogenesis for congenital clavicular hypoplasia: case series and description of technique.


BACKGROUND Malformation and hypoplasia of the clavicle can result in pain, impaired function, restricted shoulder movement, subjective feeling of instability, and cosmetic deformity. There are no reports of clavicle lengthening by osteotomy and distraction osteogenesis (DO). METHODS This is a retrospective review of 5 patients (7 clavicles) who underwent… (More)
DOI: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e3182784e79


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