Clausius inequality and optimality of quasistatic transformations for nonequilibrium stationary states.

@article{Bertini2013ClausiusIA,
title={Clausius inequality and optimality of quasistatic transformations for nonequilibrium stationary states.},
author={Lorenzo Bertini and Davide Gabrielli and Giovanni Jona-Lasinio and Claudio Landim},
journal={Physical review letters},
year={2013},
volume={110 2},
pages={020601}
}

Nonequilibrium stationary states of thermodynamic systems dissipate a positive amount of energy per unit of time. If we consider transformations of such states that are realized by letting the driving depend on time, the amount of energy dissipated in an unbounded time window then becomes infinite. Following the general proposal by Oono and Paniconi and using results of the macroscopic fluctuation theory, we give a natural definition of a renormalized work performed along any given… CONTINUE READING