Clauses are perceptual units for young infants

  title={Clauses are perceptual units for young infants},
  author={Kathy Hirsh-Pasek and Deborah G. Kemler Nelson and Peter W. Jusczyk and Kimberly Wright Cassidy and Benjamin Druss and Lori J. Kennedy},
American Infants ’ Perception of Cues to Grammatical Units in Non-native Languages and Music : Evidence from Polish and Japanese
Introduction During the first year, infants are highly attuned to suprasegmental aspects of speech. This sensitivity may be exploited in the infant’s segmentation of the speech stream into clausal
From Sound to Syntax: The Prosodic Bootstrapping of Clauses.
Infants were able to locate constituent-like groups of words with both native and non-native prosody, suggesting that the acoustic correlates of prosody are sufficiently robust across languages that they can be used in early syntax acquisition without extensive exposure to languagespecific prosodic features.
Prosody and the Roots of Parsing
Research presented in this paper on the character of infant-directed speech and the nature of infant speech perception abilities from 6 to 12 months strongly suggests that prosody, in conjunction with other forms of phonological information available in input speec...
Prosody and the Acquisition of Hierarchical Structure in Toddlers and Adults
Though language manifests linearly, one word at a time, children must learn that words are embedded in constituents, which are in turn embedded in larger constituents. That is, they must learn that
Prosody guides the rapid mapping of auditory word forms onto visual objects in 6-mo-old infants
It is found that 6-mo-old infants can simultaneously segment a nonce auditory word form from prosodically organized continuous speech and associate it to a visual referent, suggesting that learning is enhanced when the language input is well matched to the learner's expectations.
Phonotactic knowledge of word boundaries and its use in infant speech perception
No listening preference for legal over illegal word boundary clusters was found in this experiment, which clearly suggests that the preferential patterns observed can be attributed to the infants’ sensitivity to phonotactic constraints on word boundaries in a given language and not to suprasegmental cues.


The identification of structural components of an unknown language
Adult subjects attempted to identify structures (words and constituents) in sentences of a language they did not know. They heard each sentence twice-once with a pause interrupting a structural
Segmentation of speech in a foreign language
Results indicated that lexical and syntactic markers exist and can be utilized by subjects in segmenting speech, and challenged the credibility of traditional associationist accounts of language acquisition and speech perception.
Perception of syllable-final stop consonants by 2-month-old infants
Previous research has shown that infants are capable of perceiving many phonetic distinctions between initial segments of syllables. The present study demonstrates that 2-month-old infants have the
Sublexical Units and Suprasegmental Structure in Speech Production Planning
A number of elements have been suggested as units of sublexical processing during planning for speech production, some derived from grammatical theory and some from observed variations and
Phonemic and phonetic factors in adult cross-language speech perception.
Results suggest that the previously observed ontogenetic modification in the perception of non-native phonetic contrasts involves a change in processing strategies rather than a sensorineural loss.
Discrimination of linguistic stress in early infancy.
The high-amplitude sucking (HAS) paradigm was used to evaluate the ability of one- to four-month-old infants to discriminate two artificially synthesized disyllables which differed solely in the location of perceived stress, and it was determined that infants can discriminate durational differences alone.
The Analysis of Sentence Production1
Vowel Lengthening is Syntactically Determined in a Connected Discourse.
Speech perception in early infancy: perceptual constancy for spectrally dissimilar vowel categories.
  • P. Kuhl
  • Physics, Psychology
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1979
Both experiments provide strong evidence that the six-month-old infant recognizes acoustic categories that conform to the vowel categories perceived by adult speakers of English.