Classifying homicide offenders and predicting their characteristics from crime scene behavior.

@article{Santtila2003ClassifyingHO,
  title={Classifying homicide offenders and predicting their characteristics from crime scene behavior.},
  author={Pekka Santtila and Helin{\"a} H{\"a}kk{\"a}nen and David Canter and Thomas Elfgren},
  journal={Scandinavian journal of psychology},
  year={2003},
  volume={44 2},
  pages={
          107-18
        }
}
A theoretical distinction between instrumental and expressive aggression was used in analyzing offender characteristics and their associations with crime scene actions in Finnish homicides. Twenty-one variables reflecting the offenders' criminal activity, previous relationships with intimates and victims, and general social and psychological adjustment were derived from files of single-offender/single-victim homicides occurring between 1980 and 1994 (n = 502). Additionally, three variables… Expand
Crime Scene Behaviors and Characteristics of Offenders with Mental Illness: A Latent Class Analysis
TLDR
The findings suggest that mental disorders influence the types of actions exhibited by offenders during the commission of their crime. Expand
Predicting the Criminal Records of Male-on-Female UK Homicide Offenders From Crime Scene Behaviors.
TLDR
Results indicate offenders' criminal histories can be predicted from their offense behaviors, though not all preconvictions may be similarly suited. Expand
Behavioural crime linking in serial homicide
Abstract The present study aimed to identify dimensions of variation in serial homicide and to use these dimensions to behaviourally link offences committed by the same offender with each other. TheExpand
Investigating homicide offender typologies based on their clinical histories and crime scene behaviour patterns
The purpose of this paper is to identify offender typologies based on aspects of the offenders’ psychopathology and their associations with crime scene behaviours using data derived from the NationalExpand
Exploration of Crime-Scene Characteristics in Juvenile Homicide in the French-Speaking Part of Belgium
TLDR
Modelling crime-scene characteristics of juvenile homicide in the French-speaking part of Belgium reaffirm that the expressive–instrumental differentiation found in general homicide studies is valuable when attempting to discriminate juvenile homicides. Expand
Homicide Crime Scene Behaviors in a Finnish Sample of Mentally Ill Offenders
This study examines whether crime scene behaviors in Finnish homicides are associated with differences in offenders' mental status. Homicide crime scene behaviors were analyzed among five groups ofExpand
Expressiveness and Instrumentality of Crime Scene Behavior in Spanish Homicides
TLDR
The findings from this study suggest that the instrumental/expressive model may be a useful framework for understanding the psychological processes underlying homicides, based on the study of relationships between the crime and aggressor characteristics, which may be very helpful in the prioritization of suspects. Expand
Linking Criminal History to Crime Scene Behavior in Single-Victim and Serial Homicide: Implications for Offender Profiling Research
Research has consistently shown that the average individual who commits one or more homicides is likely to have a criminal record, but little research has focused on whether individuals behave in aExpand
Homicide Profiles Based on Crime Scene and Victim Characteristics
TLDR
The findings of this study suggest that criminal profiling contributes notably to the decision-making process to establish more rigorous suspect prioritization, improve the management of human resources and materials, and increase the efficiency of criminal investigations. Expand
Methodological considerations of determining dominance in multidimensional analyses of crime scene behaviours and offender characteristics
Aimed at critically examining how offenders and offences are conceptualised, Investigative Psychology has seen a substantial increase in studies of crime scene behaviours and offender characteristicsExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 13 REFERENCES
The Structure of Crime-Scene Actions in Finnish Homicides
The structure of crime-scene actions in Finnish homicides was analyzed using the theoretical distinction between instrumental and expressive aggression. Thirty-eight crime-scene actions were derivedExpand
The Nature of Expressiveness and Instrumentality in Homicide
One of the main areas of concern regarding offender profiling has been the general lack of extensive empirical studies on the psychological processes underpinning this process. This study aimed toExpand
Differentiating stranger murders: profiling offender characteristics from behavioral styles.
TLDR
Offender characteristics related in the anticipated way to the different crime scene styles, providing a basis for law enforcement inferences about offenders in stranger murders. Expand
A multivariate model of sexual offence behaviour: Developments in ‘offender profiling'. I.
Abstract The extrapolation of characteristics of criminals from information about their crimes, as an aid to police investigation, is the essence of ‘profiling'. This paper proposes that for suchExpand
Predicting the criminal antecedents of a stranger rapist from his offence behaviour.
TLDR
The results demonstrated that it was very possible to obtain indications of a rapist's criminal antecedents from his offence behaviour, and the three most promising models were those that predicted whether or not the offender had convictions for burglary. Expand
Offense type and two-point MMPI code profiles: discriminating between violent and nonviolent offenders.
TLDR
Offense data and MMPI profiles were examined for 67 men who had been remanded by the courts to a psychiatric hospital forensic unit for pretrial assessment and neither of these commonly employed two-point types successfully discriminated between violent and nonviolent offenders. Expand
Psychiatric aspects of homicide
TLDR
An investigation of all known homicide incidents in Iceland during the past 80 years (1900–1979), finding that a substantial proportion of the offenders suffered from fairly marked physical disabilities and the mentally ill were significantly more frequently afflicted by such defects. Expand
Offender profiling and criminal differentiation
Purpose. The psychological hypotheses that form the foundations for ‘Offender Profiling’ are identified and the research that has tested them is reviewed. Argument. ‘Offender profiling’ is taken toExpand
Differentiating arsonists: A model of firesetting actions and characteristics
It is hypothesized that there will be behavioural consistencies in the actions of arsonists when committing a crime that characterize them. The themes underlying these observable differences can beExpand
The development and cross-validation of an MMPI typology of murderers.
TLDR
Clinical data from a mental status interview schedule supported the external validity of these types and there were significant differences among the five types in hallucinations, disorientation, hostility, depression, and paranoid thinking. Expand
...
1
2
...