Classifying Pacific islands

  title={Classifying Pacific islands},
  author={Patrick D. Nunn and Lalit Kumar and I. G. Eliot and Roger F. Mclean},
  journal={Geoscience Letters},
An earth-science-based classification of islands within the Pacific Basin resulted from the preparation of a database describing the location, area, and type of 1779 islands, where island type is determined as a function of the prevailing lithology and maximum elevation of each island, with an island defined as a discrete landmass composed of a contiguous land area ≥1 ha (0.01 km2) above mean high-water level. Reefs lacking islands and short-lived (<20 years) transient islands are not included… 
Islands in the Pacific: Settings, Distribution and Classification
Oceanic islands have a history of being misunderstood by outsiders, commonly marginalized in global synthesis and planning, their considerable diversity often understated. To capture and explain the
Identifying and assessing evidence for recent shoreline change attributable to uncommonly rapid sea-level rise in Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia, Northwest Pacific Ocean
Those parts of the northwest Pacific Ocean where sea level has been rising fastest over the past few decades include islands in the Federated States of Micronesia. To understand the possible effects
Population Distribution in the Pacific Islands, Proximity to Coastal Areas, and Risks
Pacific island countries (PICs) are highly susceptible to sea-level rise and extreme events due to their size, location, and isolated nature. Populations in PICs are generally concentrated along the
Snapshot isolation and isolation history challenge the analogy between mountains and islands used to understand endemism
Aim Mountains and islands are both well known for their high endemism. To explain this similarity, parallels have been drawn between the insularity of “true islands” (land surrounded by water) and
Redating of the To’aga site (Ofu Island, Manu’a) and a revised chronology for the Lapita to Polynesian Plainware transition in Tonga and Samoa
Insight is provided into the value of these shell radiocarbon dates, enabling a revision of the age of the To’aga site on Ofu Island, an early occupation site associated with the initial Polynesian Plainware period in Samoa, the earliest use of which is now dated to between 2782 and 2667 cal BP.
Estimating Compounding Storm Surge and Sea Level Rise Effects and Bias Correction Impact when Projecting Future Impact on Volcanic Islands in Oceania. Case Study of Viti Levu, Fiji
Oceania comprises many Small Island Developing States (SIDS), the majority of which are founded on volcanic islands. Small islands are generally vulnerable to the effects of climate change. However,
Influence of niche breadth and position on the historical biogeography of seafaring scincid lizards
The results suggest that the Emoia atrocostata group might be in the early phases of a Wilsonian taxon cycle and that the capacity to tolerate salt stress has promoted dispersal and colonization of remote oceanic islands.
Wetlands: Protecting the World’s ‘Ugly’ Places
This chapter will examine the implications of another type of protected area regime; Ramsar Convention listed wetlands. The Ramsar governance regime is described and evaluated in this chapter using
Recovery or change? Differences between in seabird fauna in island ecosystems before alien mammal disturbance and after alien mammal eradication
Seabirds are important to island ecosystems because of their ecological functions; however, they are threatened by alien mammal invasions. Where alien mammals have been eradicated, seabird numbers,


Geomorphology of reef islands, northern Great Barrier Reef
During the 1973 Great Barrier Reef Expedition, 67 reef islands were mapped between latitudes 11° 309 S and 17° S on the Great Barrier Reef. During the mapping, the major topographic, lithological,
A Genetic Classification of Islands
AbstractA genetic classification of islands based on the character of the underlying type of crust is proposed. Each crustal type is associated with particular structural-geological island types.
Kadavu Island, Fiji: Fluvial Studies of a Volcanic Island in the Humid Tropical South Pacific
  • J. Terry
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1999
This paper examines features of drainage and stream channel form and process on the mountainous volcanic island of Kadavu in the humid tropical South Pacific, and interprets the findings in relation
Tropical Pacific Island Environments
  • B. Cox
  • Environmental Science
  • 1998
The Pacific island region comprises a large and ecologically diverse area of the Earth, but is fragile and highly sensitive to environmental change, where local cultures conflict with Western development, leading to a myriad of environmental and social problems.
The Geology of the Samoan Islands
The Samoan chain consists of high volcanic islands, atolls, and submerged reef banks near the southwest margin of the Pacific plate. The chain is unusual, particularly when compared with the Hawaiian
Geology and Geochronology of the Line Islands
Geological and geophysical studies along the entire length of the Line Islands were undertaken in order to test the hot spot model for the origin of this major linear island chain. Volcanic rocks
Structure and evolution of Nauru Island, central Pacific Ocean
Nauru Island, in the central Pacific Ocean, is a raised atoll capping a volcanic seamount rising from an ocean floor depth of 4300 m. The land area is 22 km2, and the island rises to 70 m above sea
The Holocene sea-level highstand in the equatorial Pacific: analysis of the insular paleosea-level database
Abstract A review of the literature provides 92 estimates of the middle to late Holocene sea-level highstand on Pacific Islands. These data generally support geophysical model calculations that
Linear volcanism in French Polynesia
Holocene sea-level changes in French Polynesia