Classification of Iranian Nurses According to Their Mental Health Outcomes Using Ghq-12 Questionnaire: a Comparison between Latent Class Analysis and K-means Clustering with Traditional Scoring Method

Abstract

BACKGROUND Nurses constitute the most providers of health care systems. Their mental health can affect the quality of services and patients' satisfaction. General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) is a general screening tool used to detect mental disorders. Scoring method and determining thresholds for this questionnaire are debatable and the cut-off points can vary from sample to sample. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders among Iranian nurses using GHQ-12 and also compare Latent Class Analysis (LCA) and K-means clustering with traditional scoring method. METHODOLOGY A cross-sectional study was carried out in Fars and Bushehr provinces of southern Iran in 2014. Participants were 771 Iranian nurses, who filled out the GHQ-12 questionnaire. Traditional scoring method, LCA and K-means were used to estimate the prevalence of mental disorder among Iranian nurses. Cohen's kappa statistic was applied to assess the agreement between the LCA and K-means with traditional scoring method of GHQ-12. RESULTS The nurses with mental disorder by scoring method, LCA and K-mean were 36.3% (n=280), 32.2% (n=248), and 26.5% (n=204), respectively. LCA and logistic regression revealed that the prevalence of mental disorder in females was significantly higher than males. CONCLUSION Mental disorder in nurses was in a medium level compared to other people living in Iran. There was a little difference between prevalence of mental disorder estimated by scoring method, K-means and LCA. According to the advantages of LCA than K-means and different results in scoring method, we suggest LCA for classification of Iranian nurses according to their mental health outcomes using GHQ-12 questionnaire.

DOI: 10.5455/msm.2015.27.337-341

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@inproceedings{Jamali2015ClassificationOI, title={Classification of Iranian Nurses According to Their Mental Health Outcomes Using Ghq-12 Questionnaire: a Comparison between Latent Class Analysis and K-means Clustering with Traditional Scoring Method}, author={Jamshid Jamali and Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Ayatollahi}, booktitle={Materia socio-medica}, year={2015} }