Classification and rationale for management of vascular anomalies in the upper extremity.

@article{Upton1985ClassificationAR,
  title={Classification and rationale for management of vascular anomalies in the upper extremity.},
  author={Joe Upton and John B. Mulliken and Joseph E. Murray},
  journal={The Journal of hand surgery},
  year={1985},
  volume={10 6 Pt 2},
  pages={
          970-5
        }
}
Although approximately 10% of all vascular birthmarks involve the upper extremities, those encountered by the hand surgeon may be difficult to treat.' 4 Indeed, the management of vascular anomalies is one of the major unsolved problems in hand surgery. Management of these vascular lesions has always been hampered by a confusing nomenclature. Classification sys­ tems include anomalies with different etiologies and natural histories in the same categories and fail to provide the phy­ sician with… CONTINUE READING

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