Classification and management of gynecomastia: defining the role of ultrasound-assisted liposuction.

@article{Rohrich2003ClassificationAM,
  title={Classification and management of gynecomastia: defining the role of ultrasound-assisted liposuction.},
  author={Rod J. Rohrich and Richard Y. Ha and Jeffrey M. Kenkel and William P. Adams},
  journal={Plastic and reconstructive surgery},
  year={2003},
  volume={111 2},
  pages={
          909-23; discussion 924-5
        }
}
Gynecomastia, or excessive male breast development, has an incidence of 32 to 65 percent in the male population. This condition has important physical and psychological impacts. Advances in elucidating the pathophysiology of gynecomastia have been made, though understanding remains limited. Recommendations for evaluation and workup have varied and are often arbitrary. A diagnostic algorithm is suggested, with emphasis on a comprehensive history, physical examination, and minimizing unnecessary… 

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