Classification and management of gynecomastia: defining the role of ultrasound-assisted liposuction.

  title={Classification and management of gynecomastia: defining the role of ultrasound-assisted liposuction.},
  author={Rod J. Rohrich and Richard Y. Ha and Jeffrey M. Kenkel and William P. Adams},
  journal={Plastic and reconstructive surgery},
  volume={111 2},
          909-23; discussion 924-5
Gynecomastia, or excessive male breast development, has an incidence of 32 to 65 percent in the male population. This condition has important physical and psychological impacts. Advances in elucidating the pathophysiology of gynecomastia have been made, though understanding remains limited. Recommendations for evaluation and workup have varied and are often arbitrary. A diagnostic algorithm is suggested, with emphasis on a comprehensive history, physical examination, and minimizing unnecessary… 

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Gynecomastia: Ultrasound-Confirmed Classification Pertainent to Surgical Correction

A new ultrasound-confirmed classification system is proposed, dividing patients into six categories, helping surgeons choose the most suitable approach for long-standing gynecomastia correction, avoiding insufficient or invasive treatments and undesirable scars.

Surgical Management of Gynecomastia: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature

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Ultrasonic Liposuction in the Treatment of Gynecomastia

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Gynecomastia: Analysis of 159 Patients and Current Recommendations for Treatment

Gynecomastia has been treated surgically in 159 patients during the past 22½ years and current recommendations for treatment are as follows: If the gynecomastsia is entirely due to fat, suction lipectomy alone is sufficient treatment.

Gynecomastia: Suction Lipectomy as a Contemporary Solution

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A circumareolar approach in surgical management of gynecomastia.

A circumareolar approach for breast tissue removal has the advantage of leaving minimal scarring around the areolar margin while obliterating the dead space by imbricating the tissue stalk to minimize hematoma formation.

Gynecomastia as a physical finding in normal men.

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The pinwheel technique: an adjunct to the periareolar approach in gynecomastia resection.

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