Classification and approach to patients with functional voice disorders.

@article{Koufman1982ClassificationAA,
  title={Classification and approach to patients with functional voice disorders.},
  author={James A Koufman and P David Blalock},
  journal={The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology},
  year={1982},
  volume={91 4 Pt 1},
  pages={372-7}
}
Functional voice disorders result from vocal misuse or abuse; they are more easily recognized than other psychosomatic disorders because the clinician is able to visualize the laryngeal structure and function. If those structures appear normal, then an aberration of voice quality can be assumed to be functional. Functional dysphonia with prolonged aberrant vocal usage may lead to development of secondary pathological lesions of the larynx, which, although true pathological entities, must be… CONTINUE READING

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