Classical Electrodynamics in Terms of Direct Interparticle Action

  title={Classical Electrodynamics in Terms of Direct Interparticle Action},
  author={John Archibald Wheeler and Richard Phillips Feynman},
  journal={Reviews of Modern Physics},
Many of our present hopes to understand the behavior of matter and energy rely upon the notion of field. Consequently it may be appropriate to re-examine critically the origin and use of this century old concept. This idea developed in the study of classical electromagnetism at a time when it was considered appropriate to treat electric charge as a continuous substance. It is not obvious that general acceptance in the early 1800's of the principle of the atomicity of electric charge… 

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