Classical Biological Control of Arthropods in the 21 St Century

  title={Classical Biological Control of Arthropods in the 21 St Century},
  author={Mark S. Hoddle},
The first attempt by man at classical biological control of an arthropod pest was a spectacular success. The cottony cushion scale (Icerya purchasi Maskell) program in California over the period 1877-1879 was the first scientifically and institutionally backed biological control program. Foreign exploration by Arthur Koebele, resulted in the importation and release of two natural enemies, the vedalia beetle (Rodolia cardinalis [Mulsant]) and a parasitic fly (Cryptochaetum iceryae [Williston… CONTINUE READING
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