Classic Text No. 37

  title={Classic Text No. 37},
  author={Germ{\'a}n E. Berr{\'i}os},
  journal={History of Psychiatry},
  pages={111 - 116}
  • G. Berríos
  • Published 1 March 1999
  • Psychology
  • History of Psychiatry
A legend is defined as an ’unauthentic or non-historical story, especially one handed down by tradition from early times and popularly regarded as historical’.1 If so, many a legend lurks happily in the history of psychiatry. Why this should be the case remains unclear. To say that psychiatry is more prone to legend-making or -harbouring than other disciplines in the history of science, advances our understanding but little. More plausible may be the claim that not enough primary research (i.e… 
Of Mania: Introduction
Classic Text No. 57 is meant to illustrate the way in which the old, pre-1800 clinical notion of mania was transformed into its current counterpart. In Classical times, the term ‘mania’ had been used
`Essay on a classification of different genera of insanity' by J. Baillarger (1853)
Less well known than some of his contemporaries, Jules Baillarger (1809—90) tends to be celebrated by `who said it first' writers as the man who assisted the `birth of bipolar disorder'. This view is
From sinners to degenerates: the medicalization of morality in the 19th century
The article makes its key argument by demonstrating the way in which such dissimilar trajectories came together towards the end of the century in the `moral hygiene' movement, mobilizing discourses of `degeneration' (and `feeblemindedness') with projects promoting sexual purity.
Badness, madness and the brain – the late 19th-century controversy on immoral persons and their malfunctioning brains
In the second half of the 19th-century, a group of psychiatric experts discussed the relation between brain malfunction and moral misconduct. In the ensuing debates, scientific discourses on
From personality disorders to the fact-value distinction
ABSTRACT Louis Charland’s claim that DSM Cluster B personality disorders are moral rather than clinical kinds has recently triggered a lively debate. In order to deliver a reliable report of the
Nineteenth-century European psychiatry on same-sex desires: pathology, abnormality, normality and the blurring of boundaries
By interrogating the intellectual foundations of the normal and pathological within nineteenth-century European psychiatry, this article illustrates the extent to which same-sex desires were located
This paper raises questions about the origins, definition and nature of criminological knowledge by seeking to identify the earliest examples of scientific criminological thought. Pushing the story
The emergence and development of psychopathy
Currently, psychopathy and related terms such as antisocial personality disorder are popular yet problematic constructs within forensic psychology and other disciplines. Psychopathy is traced
Misdiagnosing medicalization: penal psychopathy and psychiatric practice
It is concluded that focusing studies of medicalization on practice rather than discourse clarifies the concept and avoids reifying the notion of a medicalized society.
Science and morals in the affective psychopathology of Philippe Pinel
Philipp Pinel made a bold theoretical attempt to find a place for the passions and other affective posits in psychopathology, but his courageous attempt to steer affectivity onto the high seas of medical science ran aground on two great reefs that still threaten the scientific status of affectivity today.


Prichard and the Concept of Moral Insanity
It is suggested that in order to clarify the thinking about this issue it is necessary to delete references to Prichard's moral insanity concept when psychopathic disorder is being considered; and that jurists should understand that moral insanity, with all its legal implications, has nothing to do with present-day concepts of psychopathic Disorder.
The psychopathology of affectivity: conceptual and historical aspects.
This paper shows how the subordinate role played by affectivity in the Western concept of man led to the early and enduring view of mental illness as an exclusive disturbance of intellect.
Prichard (1835), ibid., 25. These clinical features certainly rule out the diagnosis of 'Psychopathic disorder
    La Notion de "maladie morale" et de "traitement moral" dans la psychiatrie française et allemande du d&eacute
    • Perspectives Psychiatriques, i
    • 1978
    From chronology to ethnology. James Cowles Prichard and British anthropology 1800-1850
    • Researches into the Physical History of Man
    • 1973
    Whitlock put it neatly: 'there [is] not the remotest resemblance between their examples [Pinel's and Prichard's] and what today would be classed as psychopathic personality
    • Bulletin of the Royal College of Psychiatry, vi
    • 1982
    abrupt in her manners, loquacious, impetuous, talks loudly and abusively