Classic Nintendo Games Are (Computationally) Hard

  title={Classic Nintendo Games Are (Computationally) Hard},
  author={Greg Aloupis and Erik D. Demaine and Alan Guo and Giovanni Viglietta},
We prove NP-hardness results for five of Nintendo’s largest video game franchises: Mario, Donkey Kong, Legend of Zelda, Metroid, and Pokémon. Our results apply to generalized versions of Super Mario Bros. 1–3, The Lost Levels, and Super Mario World; Donkey Kong Country 1–3; all Legend of Zelda games; all Metroid games; and all Pokémon role-playing games. In addition, we prove PSPACE-completeness of the Donkey Kong Country games and several Legend of Zelda games. 
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