Class Advantage and the Gender Divide: Flexibility on the Job and at Home1

@article{Gerstel2014ClassAA,
  title={Class Advantage and the Gender Divide: Flexibility on the Job and at Home1},
  author={Naomi R. Gerstel and Dan Clawson},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  year={2014},
  volume={120},
  pages={395 - 431}
}
Using a survey, interviews, and observations, the authors examine inequality in temporal flexibility at home and at work. They focus on four occupations to show that class advantage is deployed in the service of gendered notions of temporal flexibility while class disadvantage makes it difficult to obtain such flexibility. The class advantage of female nurses and male doctors enables them to obtain flexibility in their work hours; they use that flexibility in gendered ways: nurses to prioritize… 
When Work Becomes Family: The Case of Low-Wage Caregivers
TLDR
The analysis and findings show the ongoing power of unequal social relations – organized around class and gender and their intersection – in shaping the recursive relationship of jobs and families.
“Family-Friendly” Jobs and Motherhood Pay Penalties: The Impact of Flexible Work Arrangements Across the Educational Spectrum
This article focuses on how flexible work arrangements affect motherhood wage penalties for differently situated women. While theories of work–life facilitation suggest that flexible work should ease
The Impacts of Worktime Control in Context
This article examines the relationships between workers’ control over their working time and their well-being, looking at how these relationships differ across a set of health care occupations that
Can Men Make Time for Family? Paid Work, Care Work, Work-family Reconciliation Policies, and Gender Equality
This article reviews changes in the economy and demographic change in family life to argue that men (especially working-class men) will be increasingly compelled and able to do more family care work
“Inequality in Work Time: Gender and Class Stratify Hours and Schedules, Flexibility, and Unpredictability in Jobs and Families”
Work time is deeply stratified by gender and class. In this review, we first summarize the research discussing the number of hours that people work, the scheduling or timing of those hours as well as
Counting the Hours: The Influence of Gender and Occupation on Work Hour Mismatch Prevalence and Resolution in Australia
Existing research on work hour mismatches has examined gender and occupational differences, but it has largely assumed that these factors work independently of each other. This paper combines
Dupe, Schemer, Mother: Navigating Agency and Constraint at Work
Abstract Considerable research on the experiences of contemporary workers theorizes everyday acts of resistance as inconsequential, emphasizing their limited impact on overarching structures of
Flexible Working and Unpaid Overtime in the UK: The Role of Gender, Parental and Occupational Status
Recent studies have shown that flexible boundaries between work and family may make employees work harder and longer. Yet most studies were not able to show whether there are differences across
Control over Time: Employers, Workers, and Families Shaping Work Schedules
An extensive and long-standing literature examines the amount of time people spend on their jobs and families. A newer literature, including this review, takes that older literature as background and
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 103 REFERENCES
When Work Becomes Family: The Case of Low-Wage Caregivers
TLDR
The analysis and findings show the ongoing power of unequal social relations – organized around class and gender and their intersection – in shaping the recursive relationship of jobs and families.
The Glass Escalator: Hidden Advantages for Men in the “Female” Professions
This paper addresses men's underrepresentation in four predominantly female professions: nursing, elementary school teaching, librarianship, and social work. Specifically, it examines the degree to
Long Leaves, Child Well-Being, and Gender Equality
Of the measures for resolving work—family conflict proposed by Janet Gornick and Marcia Meyers, government programs that provide or pay for nonparental child care would advance gender equality.
The Cost of Workplace Flexibility for High-Powered Professionals
The authors study the pecuniary penalties for family-related amenities in the workplace (e.g., job interruptions, short hours, part-time work, and flexibility during the workday), how women have
Constructing motherhood on the night shift: “Working mothers” as “stay-at-home moms”
Based on in-depth interviews with hospital nurses, this article examines the way in which employed women with children use the night shift to support a construction of motherhood which closely
Competing Devotions: Career and Family among Women Executives
Competing Devotions: Career and Family Among Women Executives. Mary Blair-Loy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 2003. 269 pp. ISBN 0-674-01089-2. $39.95 (cloth). Despite the rapid increase in
Unions’ Responses to Family Concerns
In analyzing labor unions' responses to family concerns, this paper makes three arguments. First, analyses of unions force us to shift our perspective. Many union officials insist that work-family
Separate and Not Equal ? Gender Segregation in the Labor Market and the Gender Wage Gap
1200 18th Street, NW ♦ Suite 301 ♦ Washington, DC 20036 ♦ (202) 785-5100 ♦ www.iwpr.org Occupational gender segregation is a strong feature of the US labor market. While some occupations have become
Culture Change Management in Long-Term Care: A Shop-Floor View
TLDR
Resource limitations imposed by Medicaid and Medicare reimbursement rates mean that even nonprofit facilities desiring to maximize staffing cannot afford to hire enough staff to live up to basic care standards.
...
...