Class Advantage and the Gender Divide: Flexibility on the Job and at Home1

@article{Gerstel2014ClassAA,
  title={Class Advantage and the Gender Divide: Flexibility on the Job and at Home1},
  author={Naomi R. Gerstel and Dan Clawson},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  year={2014},
  volume={120},
  pages={395 - 431}
}
Using a survey, interviews, and observations, the authors examine inequality in temporal flexibility at home and at work. They focus on four occupations to show that class advantage is deployed in the service of gendered notions of temporal flexibility while class disadvantage makes it difficult to obtain such flexibility. The class advantage of female nurses and male doctors enables them to obtain flexibility in their work hours; they use that flexibility in gendered ways: nurses to prioritize… 

When Work Becomes Family: The Case of Low-Wage Caregivers

TLDR
The analysis and findings show the ongoing power of unequal social relations – organized around class and gender and their intersection – in shaping the recursive relationship of jobs and families.

The Impacts of Worktime Control in Context

This article examines the relationships between workers’ control over their working time and their well-being, looking at how these relationships differ across a set of health care occupations that

Flexible time – but is the time owned? Family friendly and family unfriendly work arrangements, occupational gender composition and wages: a test of the mother-friendly job hypothesis in Sweden

ABSTRACT The relationship between gender, working conditions, occupational gender composition and wages is investigated to test the support for the mother-friendly job hypothesis in the

Can Men Make Time for Family? Paid Work, Care Work, Work-family Reconciliation Policies, and Gender Equality

This article reviews changes in the economy and demographic change in family life to argue that men (especially working-class men) will be increasingly compelled and able to do more family care work

What Contributes to Gendered Work Time Inequality? An Australian Case Study

Women’s employment equality remains compromised by wage and work hour gaps, despite decades of policy action. Shorter work hours are a key to persisting disadvantage because they lock women out of

“Inequality in Work Time: Gender and Class Stratify Hours and Schedules, Flexibility, and Unpredictability in Jobs and Families”

Work time is deeply stratified by gender and class. In this review, we first summarize the research discussing the number of hours that people work, the scheduling or timing of those hours as well as

Counting the Hours: The Influence of Gender and Occupation on Work Hour Mismatch Prevalence and Resolution in Australia

Existing research on work hour mismatches has examined gender and occupational differences, but it has largely assumed that these factors work independently of each other. This paper combines

Flexible Working and Unpaid Overtime in the UK: The Role of Gender, Parental and Occupational Status

Recent studies have shown that flexible boundaries between work and family may make employees work harder and longer. Yet most studies were not able to show whether there are differences across

Control over Time: Employers, Workers, and Families Shaping Work Schedules

An extensive and long-standing literature examines the amount of time people spend on their jobs and families. A newer literature, including this review, takes that older literature as background and

Part-time by Gender, Not Choice: The Gender Gap in Involuntary Part-time Work

Gender inequality in the labor market is a key focus of stratification research. Increasingly, variation in hours worked separates men and women’s employment experiences. Though women often
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 100 REFERENCES

When Work Becomes Family: The Case of Low-Wage Caregivers

TLDR
The analysis and findings show the ongoing power of unequal social relations – organized around class and gender and their intersection – in shaping the recursive relationship of jobs and families.

The Glass Escalator: Hidden Advantages for Men in the “Female” Professions

This paper addresses men's underrepresentation in four predominantly female professions: nursing, elementary school teaching, librarianship, and social work. Specifically, it examines the degree to

Buying Time: Gendered Patterns in Union Contracts

As products of negotiations, union contracts provide insight into areas of stress concerning work hours and schedules. Our analysis demonstrates the ways workers in two occupations—nurses and

Limited Access: Disparities in Flexible Work Schedules and Work-at-home

This research tests predictions regarding potential disparities among the employed by personal characteristics in the ability to vary the starting and ending times of their workday and engage in work

Long Leaves, Child Well-Being, and Gender Equality

Of the measures for resolving work—family conflict proposed by Janet Gornick and Marcia Meyers, government programs that provide or pay for nonparental child care would advance gender equality.

The Cost of Workplace Flexibility for High-Powered Professionals

The authors study the pecuniary penalties for family-related amenities in the workplace (e.g., job interruptions, short hours, part-time work, and flexibility during the workday), how women have

Constructing motherhood on the night shift: “Working mothers” as “stay-at-home moms”

Based on in-depth interviews with hospital nurses, this article examines the way in which employed women with children use the night shift to support a construction of motherhood which closely

Competing Devotions: Career and Family among Women Executives

Competing Devotions: Career and Family Among Women Executives. Mary Blair-Loy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 2003. 269 pp. ISBN 0-674-01089-2. $39.95 (cloth). Despite the rapid increase in

Unions’ Responses to Family Concerns

In analyzing labor unions' responses to family concerns, this paper makes three arguments. First, analyses of unions force us to shift our perspective. Many union officials insist that work-family
...