Class, consciousness, and the fall of the bourgeois revolution

  title={Class, consciousness, and the fall of the bourgeois revolution},
  author={David A. Bell},
  journal={Critical Review},
  pages={323 - 351}
  • D. A. Bell
  • Published 1 January 2004
  • History, Economics
  • Critical Review
Abstract The Marxian vulgate, which long dominated the historiography of the French Revolution, and which was broadly accepted in the social sciences, is no longer sustainable. But newer attempts to frame the issue of class in entirely linguistic terms, producing the claim that France had no bourgeoisie because few people explicitly described themselves as “bourgeois,” are not entirely convincing. The Revolution brought into being, and helped to sustain, a new social group: the “state… 
2 Citations

A Self-Defining “Bourgeoisie” in the Early French Revolution: The Milice Bourgeoise, the Bastille Days of 1789, and Their Aftermath

Though recent scholars have argued that no self-defining “bourgeois” identities existed during the French Revolution, such perspectives do not consider the pivotal role Milice bourgeoise forces



The Rise and Fall of Class in Britain

Encompassing social, intellectual, and political history, Cannadine uncovers the meanings of class from Adam Smith to Karl Marx to Margaret Thatcher, showing the key moments in which thinking about

The Myth of the French Bourgeoisie: An Essay on the Social Imaginary, 1750-1850

Who, exactly, were the French bourgeoisie? Unlike the Anglo-Americans, who widely embraced middle-class ideals and values, the French - even the most affluent and conservative - have always rejected

Social history and its discontents: Gareth Stedman Jones and the politics of language∗

Powerful revisionist currents are now flowing through the social sciences against what have been termed 'society-centred' modes of explanation. Emerging out of a variety of intellectual traditions,

Luxury, Morality, and Social Change: Why There Was No Middle‐Class Consciousness in Prerevolutionary France*

Was there a rising middle class in eighteenth-century France, and did it contribute decisively to the upheaval that began in 1789? Right now that question is murkier than ever for having been mostly

Money, Morals and Manners: The Culture of the French and American Upper- Middle Class.

Drawing on remarkably frank, in-depth interviews with 160 successful men in the United States and France, Michele Lamont provides a rare and revealing collective portrait of the upper-middle

A social history of the French Revolution

The revolutionary movement which began in 1787 disrupted every aspect of French society, rising to a pitch of such extreme violence that the effects are still felt in France today. The Revolution was

The Cult of the Nation in France: Inventing Nationalism, 1680-1800

Using 18th-century France as a case study, David Bell offers an alternative argument about the origins of nationalism. Before the 18th century, the very idea of nation-building - a central component

Work and Revolution in France: The Language of Labor from the Old Regime to 1848

Preface 1. Introduction: social history and the language of labour 2. Mechanical arts and the corporate idiom 3. Journeymen's brotherhoods 4. The abolition of privilege 5. From gens de metier to

The Making of the English Working Class

A real confrontation aity open conflict between scholars is a purgative experience', according to the Times Literary Supplement.2 Purgative perhaps, especially for the contestants, but also

Citizens without Sovereignty: Equality and Sociability in French Thought, 1670-1789

In a wide-ranging interpretation of French thought in the years 1670-1789, Daniel Gordon takes us through the literature of manners and moral philosophy, theology and political theory, universal