Cladistic relationships among higher groups of Heteroptera: congruence between morphological and molecular data sets

  title={Cladistic relationships among higher groups of Heteroptera: congruence between morphological and molecular data sets},
  author={Ward C. Wheeler and Ranhy Bang and Randall T. Schuh},
  journal={Insect Systematics \& Evolution},
The monophyly of the 7 infraorders of Heteroptera and history of higher group concepts and interrelationships within the Heteroptera are briefly reviewed. Data from 31 morphological characters are combined with 669 bases of 18S nuclear rDNA for 29 taxa, including several outgroups to the Heteroptera, to produce a phylogeny based on the total available evidence. The molecular data alone and in conjunction with morphological data indicate that: the Homoptera are probably not monophyletic; the… 
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