Cl- channel blockers NPPB and niflumic acid blunt Ca(2+)-induced erythrocyte 'apoptosis'.


Exposure to Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin, osmotic shock, oxidative stress and glucose depletion trigger cell shrinkage and scramblase-mediated phosphatidylserine exposure at the outer leaflet of the erythrocyte cell membrane. The effects are partially due to activation of GARDOS channels and subsequent cellular K+ loss leading not only to cell shrinkage but also participating in the triggering of erythrocyte scramblase. As conductive loss of K+ would depend on the parallel loss of anions we hypothesised that activation of scramblase is similarly dependent on the activity of Cl- channels. To test this hypothesis, we used Cl- channel blockers NPPB and niflumic acid. It is shown here that treatment of erythrocytes with 1 microM ionomycin leads to cellular K+ loss, decrease of hematocrit and decrease of forward scatter in FACS analysis reflecting cell shrinkage as well as increase of annexin positive cells reflecting phosphatidylserine exposure. Those events were significantly blunted in the presence of 100 microM NPPB by 34% (K+ loss), 45% (hematocrit), 32% (forward scatter) and 69% (annexin binding), or in the presence of 100 microM niflumic acid by 15% (forward scatter) and 45% (annexin binding), respectively. Moreover, oxidative stress triggered annexin binding which was again significantly inhibited (by 51%) in the presence of 100 microM NPPB. In conclusion, Cl- channels presumably participate in the regulation of erythrocyte 'apoptosis'.


Citations per Year

1,846 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 1,846 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Myssina2004ClCB, title={Cl- channel blockers NPPB and niflumic acid blunt Ca(2+)-induced erythrocyte 'apoptosis'.}, author={Svetlana Myssina and Philipp A. Lang and Daniela S. Kempe and Stefanie Kaiser and Stephan Huber and Thomas Wieder and Florian Lang}, journal={Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology}, year={2004}, volume={14 4-6}, pages={241-8} }