Civilian rectal trauma: a changing perspective.

@article{Morken1999CivilianRT,
  title={Civilian rectal trauma: a changing perspective.},
  author={Jeffrey J. Morken and James J Kraatz and E G Balcos and Miriam Jan Hill and Arthur L. Ney and Micheal A West and Joan M Van Camp and Richard T. Zera and Diane M. Jacobs and Mark D. Odland and Jorge Iv{\'a}n Lizarazo Rodr{\'i}guez},
  journal={Surgery},
  year={1999},
  volume={126 4},
  pages={693-8; discussion 698-700}
}
BACKGROUND Recently the Organ Injury Scaling Committee of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma developed a Rectal Injury Scaling System (RISS). Little data exist regarding its clinical utility. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 45 patients with rectal injuries to assess the impact of the RISS on patient management and outcome. We compared RISS grade I patients (group I, partial-thickness injury) with patients with grades 2, 3, and 4 injuries (group II, full-thickness injury… CONTINUE READING

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