Civil Rights Law at Work: Sex Discrimination and the Rise of Maternity

  title={Civil Rights Law at Work: Sex Discrimination and the Rise of Maternity},
  author={Leave Policies and Erin L. Kelly and Frank R. Dobbin},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  pages={455 - 492}
By the time Congress passed the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, many employers had created maternity leave programs. Analysts argue that they did so in response to the feminization of the workforce. This study charts the spread of maternity leave policies between 1955 and 1985 in a sample of 279 organizations. Sex discrimination law played a key role in the rise of maternity leave policies. Building on neoinstitutional theory, this article explores how the separation of powers shapes… 

The Struggle to Care: Negotiating Family and Medical Leave Rights in the Workplace

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The Strange History of Employer‐Sponsored Child Care: Interested Actors, Uncertainty, and the Transformation of Law in Organizational Fields1

  • E. Kelly
  • Business
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 2003
This article examines the development and diffusion of two “family‐friendly” employment benefits: dependent care expense accounts and employer‐sponsored child care centers. Using over‐time analysis

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