Civil Rights Law at Work: Sex Discrimination and the Rise of Maternity

  title={Civil Rights Law at Work: Sex Discrimination and the Rise of Maternity},
  author={Leave Policies and E. Kelly and F. Dobbin},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  pages={455 - 492}
  • Leave Policies, E. Kelly, F. Dobbin
  • Published 1999
  • Sociology
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • By the time Congress passed the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, many employers had created maternity leave programs. Analysts argue that they did so in response to the feminization of the workforce. This study charts the spread of maternity leave policies between 1955 and 1985 in a sample of 279 organizations. Sex discrimination law played a key role in the rise of maternity leave policies. Building on neoinstitutional theory, this article explores how the separation of powers shapes… CONTINUE READING
    252 Citations


    The State, Courts, and Maternity Policies in U.S. Organizations: Specifying Institutional Mechanisms
    • 94
    • Highly Influential
    Protection for Whom?
    • 1
    The Strength of a Weak State: The Rights Revolution and the Rise of Human Resources Management Divisions1
    • 465
    • PDF
    The Legalization of the Workplace
    • 354
    • PDF