City under the Ice: The Closed World of Camp Century in Cold War Culture

  title={City under the Ice: The Closed World of Camp Century in Cold War Culture},
  author={Kristian H. Nielsen and Henry Nielsen and Janet Martin-Nielsen},
  journal={Science as Culture},
  pages={443 - 464}
Abstract Located on the beeline between the two nuclear superpowers, Greenland took on vital strategic importance during the early phases of the Cold War. As part of its polar strategy, the USA constructed several bases in Greenland. Camp Century, known as ‘City under the Ice’, was an experimental-military American city built entirely inside the ice sheet in 1959–1960. A 225-person, nuclear-powered army base, Century was the precursor for a much larger installation of intercontinental ballistic… 
Grounding Territory: Geoscience and the Territorial Ordering of Greenland During the Early Cold War
Following recent calls for a more ‘earthly’ geopolitics, this thesis contributes to the ongoing momentum within Political Geography to add depth, volume, and matter to the concept of territory.
Atomic Histories and Elemental Futures across Indigenous Waters
Kathy Jetnil-Kijiner and Aka Niviâna’s 2018 collaborative video poem *Rise* is a trans-Indigenous call to action. Set along the watery edges of the Republic of the Marshall Islands and the stark ice
The Historicity of Health: Environmental Hazards and Epidemics in Northwest Greenland
  • K. Hastrup
  • Political Science
    Cross-Cultural Research
  • 2018
The Thule community (Northwest Greenland) sets the scene for this study of health and environmental hazards in a historical perspective. In the early 19th century, when European contact was first
Vertical glaciology: The second discovery of the third dimension in climate research
The history of climate research in the 20th century has been characterised by a crucial shift from a geography-oriented, two-dimensional approach towards a physics-based, three-dimensional concept of
Synchronizing Earthly Timescales: Ice, Pollen, and the Making of Proto-Anthropocene Knowledge in the North Atlantic Region
The Anthropocene concept frames an emerging new understanding of the human–Earth relationship. It represents a profound temporal integration that brings historical periodization on a par with
Introduction: Back to the Futures of an Uncertain Arctic
The conventional future of the Arctic trope is deterministic with climate and the extraction of natural resources as the chief two drivers of change, interlinked since long. This narrative has
Ice-penetrating radar survey of the subsurface debris field at Camp Century, Greenland
Traffic: Authorizing Airspace, Appifying Governance
By the mid-twentieth century, promoting the safe separation of air traffic was understood to be part of how sovereign states governed in three dimensions. Yet the maturation and proliferation of
The End of Nature? Inughuit Life on the Edge of Time
The Inughuit of Northwest Greenland are hunters of marine mammals and other animal species of the High Arctic ecological system. Their life is rapidly changing along with the warming Arctic, and th...


The Politics of US Military Research in Greenland in the Early Cold War
The focus of this article is US military research in Greenland and its role in Danish-American political relations in the early Cold War period 1945–1968. This was a period of intense US research
‘The Deepest and Most Rewarding Hole Ever Drilled’: Ice Cores and the Cold War in Greenland
Summary The recovery of the Camp Century deep ice core in 1966 – the first ice core to reach all the way through a polar ice sheet to bedrock – marked a shift from an era of United States military
Selling Greenland: The Big Picture Television Series and the Army's Bid for Relevance during the Early Cold War
With an increased emphasis on air defense and missile technology at the outset of the Cold War, the role of the US Army's conventional ground forces seemed in doubt. The US Air Force achieved a
Cold War Under the Ice: The Army's Bid for a Long-Range Nuclear Role, 19591963
Recently declassified U.S.Defense and State Department documents have shed new light on the motivations for Western missile deployment proposals. In some cases, conflicting political and military
SAC at Thule: Greenland in U.S. Polar Strategy
  • N. Petersen
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of Cold War Studies
  • 2011
This article discusses the so-called polar strategy of the U.S. Strategic Air Command (SAC) from 1958, when SAC decided to build Thule Air Force Base in Greenland, until 1968, when Airborne Alert
The Closed World: Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America
From the Publisher: The Closed World offers a radical alternative to the canonical histories of computers and cognitive science. Arguing that we can make sense of computers as tools only when we
Tango for Thule: The Dilemmas and Limits of the “Neither Confirm nor Deny” Doctrine in Danish-American Relations, 1957–1968
  • T. Olesen
  • Political Science
    Journal of Cold War Studies
  • 2011
On 21 January 1968 a U.S. B-52 bomber armed with four 1.1-megaton thermonuclear bombs crashed into the ice in Wolstenholme Fjord some ten kilometers southwest of the Thule Airbase in northwest
Abstract : This report tells the story of Camp Century, an effort to learn how to construct military facilities on the Greenland Ice Cap. It describes briefly the research done by several
The article deals with the so‐called Project Iceworm for the mobile deployment of up to 600 MRBMs under the Greenland Icecap. It was designed around 1960 by the US Army as its bid for a share in the