City sicker? A meta‐analysis of wildlife health and urbanization

  title={City sicker? A meta‐analysis of wildlife health and urbanization},
  author={Maureen H. Murray and Cecilia A. S{\'a}nchez and Daniel J. Becker and Kaylee A. Byers and Katherine E. L. Worsley-Tonks and Meggan E. Craft},
  journal={Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment},
Helminth infection in a suburban ungulate population is driven more by age than landscape variables
Analysis of infection metrics of two parasites of white-tailed deer, giant liver flukes and thin-necked bladderworms indicates that both parasites are common across the suburban landscape and are commonly found coinfecting the same hosts.
Sex ratios and the city: Secondary offspring sex ratios, parental corticosterone, and parental body condition in an urban-adapted bird
Preliminary evidence is found suggesting that the similarity of maternal and paternal CORT levels within a breeding pair may increase the likelihood of successfully fledging sons.
Land-use preferences of the European green toad (Bufotes viridis) in the city of Vienna (Austria): the importance of open land in urban environments
Urban areas are increasing worldwide, which poses treats to animal wildlife. However, in certain cases cities can provide refuges for endangered animals. The European green toad (Bufotes viridis) is
Citizen Science Helps Uncover the Secrets to a Bat-Friendly Swimming Pool in an Urban Environment
For urban environments to support bat communities, resources need to be readily available. For example, bats typically use urban water sources such as drainage ditches and ponds; however, these
Assessing the extent and public health impact of bat predation by domestic animals using data from a rabies passive surveillance program
Examination of patterns of bat encounters with domestic animals that resulted in submission for testing at the rabies laboratories of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency during 2014-2020 suggests that free-roaming owned cats may have an underappreciated role in cryptic rabies exposures in humans and as a significant predator of bats.
Urban-adapted mammal species have more known pathogens.
It is concluded that extended historical contact with humans has had a limited impact on zoonotic parasite richness in urban-adapted mammals; instead, their greater observed zoonotics richness probably reflects sampling bias arising from proximity to humans, supporting a near-universal conflation between zoonosis risk, research effort and synanthropy.
Phylogeography and Prevalence of Hemoparasites (Apicomplexa: Eucoccidiorida) in Galápagos Marine Iguanas, Amblyrhynchus cristatus (Reptilia: Iguanidae)
The results indicate that certain populations of marine iguanas may have special mechanisms and adaptations to cope with parasite infection, and the occurrence of hemoparasites differed dramatically across islands, indicating that some populations may have mechanisms to reduce infection rates.
Parasitism of urban bumble bees influenced by pollinator taxonomic richness, local garden management, and surrounding impervious cover
As urban areas continue to expand globally, animal biodiversity is likely to experience altered habitat conditions, resource levels, and pathogen dynamics, with critical implications for insect


A Nonparametric “Trim and Fill” Method of Accounting for Publication Bias in Meta-Analysis
Abstract Meta-analysis collects and synthesizes results from individual studies to estimate an overall effect size. If published studies are chosen, say through a literature review, then an inherent
What does urbanization actually mean? A framework for urban metrics in wildlife research
Extensive research has demonstrated that urbanization strongly alters ecological processes, often perniciously. However, quantifying the magnitude of urban effects and determining how generalized
Experimental feeding regime influences urban bird disease dynamics
It is demonstrated that feeding practices can have varied effects on avian health, including no observable effects for some disease agents in some host species, as well as some parasite infection parameters; these effects varied among host species.
It is found that urban Rufous-collared Sparrows have lower body weight, higher blood glucose concentration, higher proportion of heterophils (H), lower proportion of lymphocytes (L), and consequently, a larger H:L stress index, than rural ones.
Ecosystem Structure and Function along Urban‐Rural Gradients: An Unexploited Opportunity for Ecology
The increase in urban population throughout the country has resulted in the conversion of cropland, pastures, and forests into urban and suburban environments.
Reproductive failure of a human-tolerant species, the American kestrel, is associated with stress and human disturbance
Proximity to large, busy roads and developed areas negatively affected kestrel reproduction by causing increased stress hormones that promoted nest abandonment, demonstrating that species presence in a human-dominated landscape does not necessarily indicate a tolerance for anthropogenic stressors.
A comparison of infestation patterns by Ixodes ticks in urban and rural populations of the Common Blackbird Turdus merula
There was a significant effect of the age of the host on tick infestations essentially due to the absence of ticks on nestlings, and possible mechanisms responsible for the differences between habitats could include differences in tick survival and/or host resistance towards ticks.