Citizenship for Sale?

  title={Citizenship for Sale?},
  author={Ayelet Shachar},
  journal={Human Rights \& the Global Economy eJournal},
  • Ayelet Shachar
  • Published 3 August 2017
  • Sociology
  • Human Rights & the Global Economy eJournal
“There are some things that money can’t buy.” Is citizenship among them? In her contribution to the Oxford Handbook of Citizenship, Professor Shachar explores this question by highlighting the core legal and ethical puzzles associated with the surge in cash-for-passport programs. The spread of these new programs is one of the most significant developments in citizenship practice in the past few decades. It tests our deepest intuitions about the meaning and attributes of the relationship between… 
Offshore Citizens
The situation of governments saying neither ‘yes’ nor ‘no’ to requests for membership in their citizenry bodies is the lived experience for many in the Gulf region of the Middle East. With
Our “Barbarians” at the Gate: On the Undercriminalized Citizenship Deprivation as a Counterterrorism Tool
Germany is joining a long list of European democracies that have modified or expressed a willingness to modify their citizenship laws to denationalize first and then prevent the return of or expel
When Racial Inequalities Return: Assessing the Restratification of Cuban Society 60 Years After Revolution
ABSTRACT Few political transformations have attacked social inequalities more thoroughly than the 1959 Cuban Revolution. As the survey data in this article show, however, sixty years on, structural
Implicit and explicit state attachment among single and dual American citizens
ABSTRACT With increasing levels of globalization and changing patterns of migration, there is a growing interest in the nature of citizenship. Dual citizenship is of particular interest because it is
In for a Penny, or: If You Disapprove of Investment Migration, Why Do You Approve of High-Skilled Migration?
  • L. Erez
  • Economics
    Moral Philosophy and Politics
  • 2019
Abstract While many argue investment-based criteria for immigration are wrong or at least problematic, skill-based criteria remain relatively uncontroversial. This is normatively inconsistent. This
Antibodies as Currency: COVID-19’s Golden Passport
Due to COVID-19, the fragile economy, travel restrictions, and generalized anxieties, the concept of antibodies as a “declaration of immunity” or “passport” is sweeping the world. Numerous scientific
Justicia global, impuesto a la ciudadanía y fronteras abiertas
El articulo argumenta que una consideracion global del igualitarismo de la suerte ofrece las bases fundacionales tanto a la justicia distributiva global como a una politica de fronteras abiertas o de


Investment-Based Citizenship and Residence Programmes in the EU
This paper has two objectives. First, by mapping investment-based the legal provisions that may result in the direct acquisition of citizenship or residence rights through a pecuniary contribution in
It is a real pleasure to be here to talk about a subject which has received increasing attention in the last week. In some ways, just as the fall of the Berlin Wall marked the end of Communism, 15
Enfranchising all affected interests, and its alternatives
Democracy might be characterized, semicircularly, as a matter of “groups of people making collective decisions in a democratic way.” I employ that circularity deliberately to bracket off the part of
Expansive Citizenship—Voting beyond Territory and Membership
  • R. Bauböck
  • Political Science, Law
    PS: Political Science & Politics
  • 2005
Voting rights have traditionally been regarded as the core of democratic citizenship. While T. H. Marshall (1965) described citizenship as a bundle of civil, political, and social rights, political
Genealogies of Citizenship: Markets, Statelessness, and the Right to Have Rights
1. Theorizing citizenship rights and statelessness Part I. Citizenship Imperilled: How Marketization Creates Social Exclusion, Statelessness, and Rightlessness: 2. Genealogies of Katrina: the
Citizenship for Sale: Passports of Convenience from Pacific Island Tax Havens
Abstract Pacific Island tax havens have apparently collected $153,450,000 from (mostly ethnic Chinese) purchasers of passports. This paper considers the evolution of passport sales in Tonga, Samoa,
The Ethics and Efficacy of Selling National Citizenship
The inevitable global marketplace creates a need for freer movement of labor. The question is not whether this movement will occur but how it will be implemented. This paper discusses the idea of
Flexible Citizenship for a Global Society
States are ill equipped to meet the challenges of a globalized world. The concept of citizenship with its rights and obligations, including the allegiance owed, is too narrowly defined to exist only
Undoing the Demos: Neoliberalism's Stealth Revolution
Neoliberal rationality -- ubiquitous today in statecraft and the workplace, in jurisprudence, education, and culture -- remakes everything and everyone in the image of homo oeconomicus. What happens
Why some things should not be for sale: the moral limits of markets
focused on von Neumann and Morgenstern, now after the publication of Theory of Games. Indeed, here are some issues that I would have liked to know more about: Why did von Neumann so promptly abandon