Citizen Scientists Discover a New Auroral Form: Dunes Provide Insight Into the Upper Atmosphere

@article{Palmroth2020CitizenSD,
  title={Citizen Scientists Discover a New Auroral Form: Dunes Provide Insight Into the Upper Atmosphere},
  author={Minna Palmroth and Maxime Grandin and Matti Helin and Pirjo Koski and Arto Oksanen and Minna Glad and Rami Valonen and Kari Saari and Emma Bruus and Johannes Norberg and Ari Viljanen and Kirsti Kauristie and Pekka T. Verronen},
  journal={AGU Advances},
  year={2020},
  volume={1}
}
Auroral forms are like fingerprints linking optical features to physical phenomena in the near‐Earth space. While discovering new forms is rare, recently, scientists reported of citizens' observations of STEVE, a pinkish optical manifestation of subauroral ionospheric drifts that were not thought to be visible to the naked eye. Here, we present a new auroral form named “the dunes”. On 7 October 2018, citizen observers took multiple digital photographs of the same dunes simultaneously from… 
Large‐Scale Dune Aurora Event Investigation Combining Citizen Scientists' Photographs and Spacecraft Observations
Recently, citizen scientist photographs led to the discovery of a new auroral form called “the dune aurora” which exhibits parallel stripes of brighter emission in the green diffuse aurora at about
Small‐Scale Optical Atmospheric Emissions Discovered Using Citizen Science Photography
  • M. Grandin
  • Physics, Environmental Science
    AGU Advances
  • 2020
Over the last few years, citizen science has emerged as a powerful tool to investigate natural phenomena, not only alongside measurements taken by calibrated scientific instruments but also through
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