Cities as battlefields: understanding how the Nation of Islam impacts civic engagement, environmental racism, and community development in a low income neighborhood

  title={Cities as battlefields: understanding how the Nation of Islam impacts civic engagement, environmental racism, and community development in a low income neighborhood},
  author={Antwi Akom},
  journal={International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education},
  pages={711 - 730}
  • A. Akom
  • Published 25 October 2007
  • Sociology
  • International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education
This article challenges social (dis)organization theory by investigating the impact of religious culture on civic engagement. Using qualitative data 1 from ‘Bridge View,’ a historically African‐American neighborhood in San Francisco experiencing environmental racism, this article asks: (1) How does the Nation of Islam (NOI) affect social organization in a low‐income community? And (2) How does the metropolitan distribution of wealth, opportunity, and resources play out in urban space? The… 
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