Citation Indexing for Studying Science

@article{Garfield1970CitationIF,
  title={Citation Indexing for Studying Science},
  author={Eugene Garfield},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1970},
  volume={227},
  pages={669-671}
}
By revealing who has really influenced the course of science the Science Citation Index seems to be a valuable sociometric tool for historians and sociologists. 
The signs of science
TLDR
The way the citation creates a new reality of science as well as in the world of science; the main features of this reality; and some implications for science and science policy are discussed.
How Services from the Institute for Scientific InformationR (ISIR) Aid Journal Editors and Publishers
The ways by which scientific editors and publishers can utilize ISIR services to advantage are described. Seven key editorial practices that improve the retrievability of scientific articles through
Usage bibliometrics
TLDR
The state-of-the-art in usage-based informetric, i.e. the use of usage data to study the scholarly process, is reviewed.
Early Years of the Journal of Learning for Development: A Combination of Bibliometrics and Thematic Analysis
The paper analyses the contributions to Journal of Learning for Development (JL4D) from volume one to five using bibliometrics and content analysis techniques. Analysing the 91 papers in various
Is citation analysis a legitimate evaluation tool?
TLDR
It is concluded that as the scientific enterprise becomes larger and more complex, and its role in society more critical, it will become more difficult, expensive and necessary to evaluate and identify the largest contributors.
Search strategy, construction and use of citation networks, with a socio-scientific example: "Amorphous semi-conductors and S.R. ovshinsky"
TLDR
Following the construction and assessment of a network describing the development of amorphous semiconductors, it is concluded that citation diagrams are a valuable aid for socio-scientific studies.
The Interdisciplinary Influence of Library and Information Science 1996–2004: A Journal-to-Journal Citation Analysis
Using citation data from Journal Citation Reports (JCR) 1996–2004, this research replicates Meyer and Spencer's analysis of other-field citations to Library and Information Science (LIS) journals
Journal Impact Factor
Like nuclear energy, the impact factor has become a mixed blessing. I expected that it would be used constructively while recognizing that in the wrong hands it might be abused. In the early 1960s
POWER LAW RELATIONS IN SCIENCE BIBLIOGRAPHY—A SELF‐CONSISTENT INTERPRETATION
Several power law relations are found to occur in bibliographic studies of scientific journals, articles, and citations. These can be interpreted in a self‐consistent manner in terms of growth
Citation of the literature by information scientists in their own publications
TLDR
Frequencies of the number of references per paper were obtained for the information science literature represented by all papers cited in Information Science Abstracts, volumes 1–6 (1966-1971), and information science was found to be less scholarly than pharmacy.
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TLDR
The suggestion in regard to literature indexing would be to continue and expand the sort of skilled, discriminating indexing that is found in the Armed Forces Medical Library's Current List of Medical Literature and in Chemical Abstracts, publications that are excellent despite their limited budgets.
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TLDR
The study confirmed 65% (28 of 43) of the historical dependencies in the Asimov network by corresponding linkages established by citations, and found 31 citation connections which did not correspond to any historical dependencies noted in The Genetic Code.
Citation Indexing for Studying Science
TLDR
It is in meeting this need for an effective, etlicient, and unobtrusive sociometric tool that citation indexing may find its most important application.
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TLDR
Citation indexing is primarily interested in bibliographic coupling and will therefore only discuss Kessler's work as it becomes immediately relevant to this subject.
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In a rapidly advancing scientific discipline, new contributions will supersede older ones. This selection in favor of recent literature should be observable in the distribution of footnote citations
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TLDR
A satisfactory procedure for manual search of SCI was developed and the cumulative number of references found through SCI plotted against time gave a convex curve, while corresponding data from the conventional indexes gave a linear response.
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TLDR
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Can we use scientific methods to analyze the structure of science itself? With the article by Derek J. de Solla Price that follows, the Bulletin presents the second of six articles based upon the
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  • V. Giuliano
  • Computer Science
    IEEE Transactions on Military Electronics
  • 1963
TLDR
This paper is concerned with the use of analog electrical networks for the automatic recognition of statistical word associations present in written English text and it is shown that this theory can be realized through use of passive electrical networks.
A fractionating column for analysis of nucleic acids.
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