Cisgenderism in psychology: pathologising and misgendering children from 1999 to 2008

  title={Cisgenderism in psychology: pathologising and misgendering children from 1999 to 2008},
  author={Y. Gavriel Ansara and Peter V. Hegarty},
  journal={Psychology \& Sexuality},
  pages={137 - 160}
We assessed whether recent psychological literature on children reflects or contrasts with the zeitgeist of American Psychological Association's recent non-discrimination statement on ‘transgender’ and ‘gender variant’ individuals. Article records (N = 94) on childhood ‘gender identity’ and ‘expression’ published between 1999 and 2008 inclusive were evaluated for two kinds of cisgenderism, the ideology that invalidates or pathologises self-designated genders that contrast with external… Expand
Misgendering in English language contexts: Applying non-cisgenderist methods to feminist research
Abstract The American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Manual (2010) cautions authors against generic masculine language, which uses ‘he’ and ‘man’ for all people. This misgenderingExpand
The (In)Visibility of Childhood Sexual Abuse: Psychiatric Theorizing of Transgenderism and Intersexuality
Psychiatric diagnoses related to transgenderism span a wide range of terms, theories, and treatments. Similarly, intersexuality is coming increasingly under the psychiatric gaze, being incorporatedExpand
Learning from our transgender youth.
There is now a generally accepted recognition that gender exists on a continuum and does not always followbirth assignment across an individual's lifespan. Expand
A Desire to be ‘Normal’? A Discursive and Intersectional Analysis of ‘Penetration Disorder’
Psychiatry’s problematic framing of femininity, women’s bodies, and sexuality has attracted much condemnation (Caplan & Cosgrove, 2004; Frith, 2013; Ussher, 2011). The intersection of sanism andExpand
Children’s Evaluation and Categorization of Transgender Children
The current studies are the first to investigate cisgender children's attitudes toward transgender children and suggest that perceptions of gender categorization and conformity play a role in children’s evaluations of transgender peers. Expand
The intersection of cisgenderism and hate crime: learning from trans people's narratives
Whilst trans people are gaining recognition and positive attention in some respects, many continue to experience discrimination and social exclusion in everyday life. This paper will illuminateExpand
Challenging cisgenderism in the ageing and aged care sector: Meeting the needs of older people of trans and/or non‐binary experience
  • Y. Ansara
  • Medicine
  • Australasian journal on ageing
  • 2015
Applying the cisgenderism framework in the ageing and aged care sector can enhance service providers' ability to meet the needs of older people of trans and/or non‐binary experience. Expand
Negotiating psychiatric cisgenderism-ableism in the transgender- autism nexus
Most of the literature on autism and gender is rooted in a medical deficiency model. This study aimed to critically examine the discursive position of mainstream clinicians-researchers and to exploreExpand
Transgender young people’s narratives of intimacy and sexual health: implications for sexuality education
Abstract Sexuality education as pedagogy is often fraught by the perceived requirement to balance the informational needs of young people with an investment in notions of childhood ‘innocence’.Expand
Sexual offence, diagnosis, and activism: A British history of LGBTIQ psychology.
It is demonstrated that psychologists (not all of whom adopted a pathologizing perspective), alongside politicians, lawyers, doctors, journalists, and activists, all played a role in the boundary-making practices of this period. Expand


Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders
Abstract The author responds to Hill et al.'s “Gender Identity Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence: A Critical Inquiry” and Moser and Kleinplatz's “DSM-IV-TRand the Paraphilias: An Argument forExpand
Making gender identity disorder of childhood: Historical lessons for contemporary debates
Gender Identity Disorder of Childhood (GIDC)—a psychiatric diagnosis given to gendervariant children—has been controversial since its creation. Critics inside and outside of the mental healthExpand
Appropriate Therapeutic Care for Families with Pre-Pubescent Transgender/Gender-Dissonant Children
In recent years, a new phenomenon has been observed in U.S. culture, that of pre-pubescent children transitioning socially from one gender role to another, with the support of their families. As thisExpand
The Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders
This paper reviews efforts to incorporate cultural considerations on sexual and gender identity disorders in DSM-IV. An initial literature review revealed very few sources that met the criteria ofExpand
Conceptualizing cultural and gendered identities in psychological therapies
Abstract This paper addresses implications for psychological therapies and practices of recognizing the varieties of ways ‘race' and gender intersect and impact on therapeutic relationships. WeExpand
Genderism and the Bathroom Problem: (re)materialising sexed sites, (re)creating sexed bodies
This article introduces the possibilities of a new term, ‘genderism’, to describe the hostile readings of, and reactions to, gender ambiguous bodies. Genderism is used here to articulate instances ofExpand
What Can the Samoan "Fa'afafine" Teach Us about the Western Concept of Gender Identity Disorder in Childhood?
It is concluded that the diagnostic category of GIDC should not occur in its current form in future editions of the DSM, as there is no compelling evidence that cross-gender behaviors or identities, in and of themselves, cause distress in the individual. Expand
Beyond Cisgenderism: Counselling People with Non-Assigned Gender Identities Y. Gavriel Ansara Introduction: Why Equal Treatment Isn’t Enough As the Founding Director of Lifelines Rhode Island/Cuerdas de Salvamento, a regional non-profit organisation focused on meeting the needs of individuals with n
1 People whose gender identities differ from those they were assigned; often termed people with affirmed genders or people of trans, intersex, and/or non-binary gender experience, e.g., a person withExpand
Thai Transgenders in Focus: Their Beliefs About Attitudes Towards and Origins of Transgender
ABSTRACT One hundred and ninety-five transgendered females (i.e., male-to-female trans-genders (or MtF TGs)), with a mean age of 25.4 years, completed a questionnaire examining, inter alia, theirExpand
Invisible Lives: The Erasure of Transsexual and Transgendered People
Through combined theoretical and empirical study, Viviane K. Namaste argues that transgendered people are not so much produced by medicine or psychiatry as they are erased, or made invisible, in aExpand