Circumvention of confluence-dependent resistance in a human multi-drug-resistant colon-cancer cell line.

Colorectal adenocarcinomas are inherently resistant to anthracyclines and other topoisomerase-II inhibitors. Resistance to doxorubicin of colon cancer cells (Caco2) depends on 2 main mechanisms. The first is typical multi-drug resistance, characterized by the mdr1 gene and its product the P170 membrane glycoprotein. P170 effluxes anthracyclines out of… CONTINUE READING