Circumstellar dust as a solution to the red supergiant supernova progenitor problem

@article{Walmswell2011CircumstellarDA,
  title={Circumstellar dust as a solution to the red supergiant supernova progenitor problem},
  author={J. J. Walmswell and Jan J. Eldridge},
  journal={Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
  year={2011},
  volume={419},
  pages={2054-2062}
}
We investigate the red supergiant problem, the apparent dearth of Type IIP supernova progenitors with masses between 16 and 30M⊙. Although red supergiants with masses in this range have been observed, none have been identified as progenitors in pre–explosion images. We show that, by failing to take into account the additional extinction resulting from the dust produced in the red supergiant winds, the luminosity of the most massive red supergiants at the end of their lives is underestimated. We… 

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