Circumstellar dust as a solution to the red supergiant supernova progenitor problem

  title={Circumstellar dust as a solution to the red supergiant supernova progenitor problem},
  author={J. J. Walmswell and J. J. Eldridge},
  journal={Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
We investigate the red supergiant problem, the apparent dearth of Type IIP supernova progenitors with masses between 16 and 30M⊙. Although red supergiants with masses in this range have been observed, none have been identified as progenitors in pre–explosion images. We show that, by failing to take into account the additional extinction resulting from the dust produced in the red supergiant winds, the luminosity of the most massive red supergiants at the end of their lives is underestimated. We… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Red supergiants as supernova progenitors
Abstract Recent searches for supernova II-P progenitors in external galaxies have led to the identification of red objects with magnitudes and colours indicative of red supergiants, in most casesExpand
Red supergiants as supernova progenitors
  • B. Davies
  • Physics, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2017
What the authors know about RSGs is reviewed, with a few recent updates on how they look and how their appearance changes as they approach supernova. Expand
Type IIP Supernova Progenitors. II. Stellar Mass and Obscuration by the Dust in the Circumstellar Medium
It has been well established from a variety of observations that red supergiants (RSGs) loose a lot of mass in stellar wind. Dust formed in this emitted gas over a few decades before core-collapseExpand
The evolution of red supergiants to supernovae
Abstract With red supergiants (RSGs) predicted to end their lives as Type IIP core collapse supernova (CCSN), their behaviour before explosion needs to be fully understood. Mass loss rates govern RSGExpand
The initial masses of the red supergiant progenitors to Type II supernovae
There are a growing number of nearby SNe for which the progenitor star is detected in archival pre-explosion imaging. From these images it is possible to measure the progenitor's brightness a fewExpand
Missing red supergiants and carbon burning
Recent studies on direct imaging of Type II core-collapse supernova progenitors indicate a possible threshold around M_(ZAMS) ∼ 16–20 M⊙, where red supergiants (RSG) with larger birth masses do notExpand
The evolution of red supergiants to supernova in NGC 2100
The mass loss rates of red supergiants (RSGs) govern their evolution towards supernova and dictate the appearance of the resulting explosion. To study how mass-loss rates change with evolution weExpand
The lowest-metallicity type II supernova from the highest-mass red supergiant progenitor
Red supergiants have been confirmed as the progenitor stars of the majority of hydrogen-rich type II supernovae1. However, while such stars are observed with masses >25 M⊙ (ref. 2), detections of >18Expand
Measuring the Progenitor Mass and Dense Circumstellar Material of Type II Supernovae
Recent modeling of hydrogen-rich Type II supernova (SN II) light curves suggests the presence of dense circumstellar material (CSM) surrounding the exploding progenitor stars. This has importantExpand
The type IIB supernova 2011DH from a supergiant progenitor
A set of hydrodynamical models based on stellar evolutionary progenitors is used to study the nature of SN 2011dh. Our modeling suggests that a large progenitor star-with R {approx} 200 R{sub SunExpand


The progenitors of core-collapse supernovae
We present maps of the nature of single star progenitors of supernovae and their remnants in mass and metallicity space. We find our results are similar to others but we have gone further in varyingExpand
Ruling out a massive asymptotic giant-branch star as the progenitor of supernova 2005cs
We calculate the predicted UBVRIJHK absolute magnitudes for models of supernova progenitors and apply the result to the case of supernova 2005cs. We agree with previous results that the initial massExpand
The death of massive stars – I. Observational constraints on the progenitors of Type II-P supernovae
The progenitors of many type II core-collapse supernovae have now been identified directly on pre-discovery imaging. Here we present an extensive search for the progenitors of type Ibc supernovae inExpand
Progenitors of Core-Collapse Supernovae
Knowledge of the progenitors of core-collapse supernovae is a fundamental component in understanding the explosions. The recent progress in finding such stars is reviewed. The minimum initial massExpand
Luminous blue variables as the progenitors of supernovae with quasi-periodic radio modulations
The interaction between supernova ejecta and circumstellar matter, arising from previous episodes of mass loss, provides us with a means of constraining the progenitors of supernovae. RadioExpand
VLT Detection of a Red Supergiant Progenitor of the Type II-P Supernova 2008bk
We report the identification of a source coincident with the position of the nearby Type II-P supernova (SN) 2008bk in high-quality optical and near-infrared preexplosion images from the ESO VeryExpand
Progenitor mass of the type IIp supernova 2005cs
Context. The progenitor mass of type IIP supernova can be determined from either hydrodynamic modeling of the event or pre-explosion observations. Aims. To compare these approaches, we determineExpand
We identify a source coincident with SN 2009kr in Hubble Space Telescope pre-explosion images. The object appears to be a single point source with an intrinsic color V - I = 1.1 ± 0.25 and MV = -7.6Expand
High mass of the type IIP supernova 2004et inferred from hydrodynamic modeling
Context. Previous studies of type IIP supernovae have inferred that progenitor masses recovered from hydrodynamic models are higher than 15 M� . Aims. To verify the progenitor mass of this supernovaExpand
Evolution of Massive Stars with Pulsation-driven Superwinds During the Red Supergiant Phase
Pulsations driven by partial ionization of hydrogen in the envelope are often considered important for driving winds from red supergiants (RSGs). In particular, it has been suggested by some authorsExpand