Circuits regulating pleasure and happiness: the evolution of reward-seeking and misery-fleeing behavioral mechanisms in vertebrates

  title={Circuits regulating pleasure and happiness: the evolution of reward-seeking and misery-fleeing behavioral mechanisms in vertebrates},
  author={A. Loonen and S. Ivanova},
  journal={Frontiers in Neuroscience},
  • A. Loonen, S. Ivanova
  • Published 2015
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Frontiers in Neuroscience
  • The very first free-moving animals in the oceans over 540 million years ago must have been able to obtain food, territory, and shelter, as well as reproduce. Therefore, they would have needed regulatory mechanisms to induce movements enabling achievement of these prerequisites for survival. It can be useful to consider these mechanisms in primitive chordates, which represent our earliest ancestors, to develop hypotheses addressing how these essential parts of human behavior are regulated and… CONTINUE READING
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