Circuits and systems in stress. II. Applications to neurobiology and treatment in posttraumatic stress disorder.

@article{Vermetten2002CircuitsAS,
  title={Circuits and systems in stress. II. Applications to neurobiology and treatment in posttraumatic stress disorder.},
  author={Eric Vermetten and J. Douglas Bremner},
  journal={Depression and anxiety},
  year={2002},
  volume={16 1},
  pages={14-38}
}
This paper follows the preclinical work on the effects of stress on neurobiological and neuroendocrine systems and provides a comprehensive working model for understanding the pathophysiology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Studies of the neurobiology of PTSD in clinical populations are reviewed. Specific brain areas that play an important role in a variety of types of memory are also preferentially affected by stress, including hippocampus, amygdala, medial prefrontal cortex, and… CONTINUE READING
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