Circuit Elements With Memory: Memristors, Memcapacitors, and Meminductors

  title={Circuit Elements With Memory: Memristors, Memcapacitors, and Meminductors},
  author={Massimiliano Di Ventra and Yuriy V. Pershin and Leon Ong Chua},
  journal={Proceedings of the IEEE},
We extend the notion of memristive systems to capacitive and inductive elements, namely, capacitors and inductors whose properties depend on the state and history of the system. All these elements typically show pinched hysteretic loops in the two constitutive variables that define them: current-voltage for the memristor, charge-voltage for the memcapacitor, and current-flux for the meminductor. We argue that these devices are common at the nanoscale, where the dynamical properties of electrons… 

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