Circadian blood pressure variability in adrenocorticotrophin-induced hypertension in the rat.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Secondary hypertension is often characterized by loss of diurnal blood pressure variability. This study examined circadian (24 h) blood pressure variability in adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH)-induced hypertension in the Sprague-Dawley rat. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly allocated to sham (0.9% saline, s.c.), n = (9), ACTH (0.5 microg/kg per day, s.c., n = 8) or ACTH (100 microg/kg per day, s.c., n = 7) in a room with a 12 h light/dark cycle (0600 h to 1800 h). A radio telemetry transducer was used to measure blood pressure in unrestrained animals over 3 control days (C1-C3) and 10 treatment days (T1-T10). Heart rate, systolic (SBP), mean arterial (MAP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure were continuously recorded. Body weight was measured daily and serum corticosterone concentration ([B]) prior to death. RESULTS Sham treatment had no effect on any parameters. ACTH 100 microg/kg per day increased SBP from 124+/-2 pooled control (PC) to 134+/-2 mmHg (T10), MAP from 105+/-2 to 115+/-2 mmHg and DBP from 87+/-1 to 99+/-2 mmHg and decreased heart rate from 305+/-6 to 249+/-5 beats/min and body weight from 299+/-6 (C3) to 280+/-8 g (T10) (all P' < 0.0036). Serum [B] was higher in ACTH- (881+/-44 ng/ml) than sham-treated rats (384+/-17 ng/ml, P < 0.001). There were no differences between sham treatment and ACTH 0.5 microg/kg per day. SBP, MAP, DBP and heart rate were consistently higher for ACTH 100 microg/kg per day and sham-treated animals during the dark cycle (1800 h to 0600 h) than the light cycle (0600 h to 1800 h). CONCLUSIONS ACTH 100 microg/kg per day raises blood pressure in conscious unrestrained Sprague-Dawley rats without any change in normal diurnal rhythm.

Cite this paper

@article{Turner2001CircadianBP, title={Circadian blood pressure variability in adrenocorticotrophin-induced hypertension in the rat.}, author={Steven W Turner and Tara Fraser and George J Mangos and Judith Ann Whitworth}, journal={Journal of hypertension}, year={2001}, volume={19 8}, pages={1411-9} }