• Corpus ID: 55877456

Cinnamaldehyde in early iron age phoenician flasks raises the possibility of levantine trade with South East Asia

  title={Cinnamaldehyde in early iron age phoenician flasks raises the possibility of levantine trade with South East Asia},
  author={Dvory Namdar and Ayelet Gilboa and Ronny Neumann and Israel Finkelstein and Steve Weiner},
  journal={Mediterranean Archaeology \& Archaeometry},
Small ceramic flasks with thick walls and narrow openings were produced in Phoenicia. These flasks were common in Phoenicia, the southern Levant and Cyprus in the early Iron Age, namely in the 11th–mid-9th centuries BCE. Their shape, size, decoration and find-contexts suggest that they contained some precious materials and were part of a commercial network operating in these regions. We analyzed the lipid contents of 27 such containers from 5 archaeological sites in Israel using gas… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Characterizing a Middle Bronze Palatial Wine Cellar from Tel Kabri, Israel
A comprehensive program of organic residue analysis has revealed that all of the relatively uniform jars found in the Kabri Archaeological Project contain evidence for wine, contributing to a greater understanding not only of ancient viticulture but also of Canaanite palatial economy.
On the Origin of Iron Age Phoenician Ceramics at Kommos, Crete: Regional and Diachronic Perspectives across the Bronze Age to Iron Age Transition
Excavations at Kommos, Crete, have unearthed hundreds of fragments of Iron Age Levantine transport jars—an unusual phenomenon in the Iron Age Mediterranean. Though usually termed “Phoenician,” their
On the Beginnings of South Asian Spice Trade with the Mediterranean Region: A Review
When did the trade in lucrative spices from South Asia to the West commence? Recent organic residue analyses performed on small early Iron Age (11th–late 10th century BCE) Phoenician clay flasks
Settlement Oscillations in the Negev Highlands Revisited: The Impact of Microarchaeological Methods
Microarchaeological methods, especially those focused on geoarchaeology and radiocarbon dating, have revolutionized the manner in which the Iron Age settlement peak in the Negev Highlands is
An Introduction to Sri Lanka and Its Cinnamon Industry
Cinnamon is synonymous with Ceylon (Sri Lanka), the island country that has been, and continues to be, the major supplier of true cinnamon to the world for over a millennium. The product known in the
Early evidence (late 2nd millennium BCE) of plant-based dyeing of textiles from Timna, Israel
This study provides the earliest evidence of textiles dyed utilizing a chemical dyeing process based on an industrial dyeing plant from the Levant, suggesting the existence of an elite that was interested in these high quality textiles and invested efforts in procuring them by long-distance trade.
Two Cypriot Pithoi from Late Bronze Age Tel Burna
Bronze Age trade in the Eastern Mediterranean is well attested in south Levantine archaeological research, with imported vessels generally playing a significant role in the ceramic assemblage. While


New investigations into the Uluburun resin cargo
The Dynamics of Phoenician Bichrome Pottery: A View from Tel Dor
  • A. Gilboa
  • History
    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1999
Phoenician Bichrome pottery has long been considered one of the most conspicuous and early manifestations of the elusive "incipient Phoenician culture." To date, the group has been considered mainly
The first wine & beer. Chemical detection of ancient fermented beverages
Transmission and diffuse-reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (DRIFTS) were used to examine acetone extracts of red deposits in a jar recovered from Godin Tepe, located in the Zagros
Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction and characterization of Laurus nobilis essential oil.
Collection of samples at different extraction times during supercritical extraction allowed the change of the oil composition to be monitored and lighter compounds such as hydrocarbon and oxygenated monoterpenes were extracted in shorter times than the heavier hydrocarbonand oxygenated sesquiterpenes.
Cinnamaldehyde content in foods determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Eugenol, both pure and in cinnamon oil, when added to pure cinnamaldehyde protected the aldehyde against heat destruction, the possible mechanism of this effect and the significance of these findings for food chemistry and microbiology are discussed.
Shell Middens, Ships and Seeds: Exploring Coastal Subsistence, Maritime Trade and the Dispersal of Domesticates in and Around the Ancient Arabian Peninsula
The Arabian Peninsula occupies a critical position at the intersect of several major Old World landmasses. Inland aridity and a major coastal perimeter have long made maritime activities critical to
L-tartaric acid synthesis from vitamin C in higher plants.
  • Seth Debolt, D. Cook, C. Ford
  • Biology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2006
This species accumulates in excess of three times the levels of vitamin C than comparably ripe berries of tartrate-accumulating species, suggesting that modulation of tartaric acid biosynthesis may provide a rational basis for the production of grapes rich in vitamin C.