Cigarette smoking significantly increases basal metabolic rate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

@article{Metsios2008CigaretteSS,
  title={Cigarette smoking significantly increases basal metabolic rate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.},
  author={George S Metsios and Antonios Stavropoulos-Kalinoglou and Alan M Nevill and Karen M. J. Douglas and Yiannis Koutedakis and George D. Kitas},
  journal={Annals of the rheumatic diseases},
  year={2008},
  volume={67 1},
  pages={70-3}
}
OBJECTIVE Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the most important indicator of human metabolism and its abnormalities have been linked to undesirable health outcomes. Cigarette smoking associates with increased BMR in healthy individuals; it is also related with worse disease outcomes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis(RA), in whom BMR is high due to hypercatabolism caused by systemic inflammation. We aimed to investigate whether smokers with RA demonstrated higher BMR levels than their non-smoking… CONTINUE READING
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Rheumatoid cachexia : causes , significance and possible interventions

  • GS Metsios, A Stavropoulos-Kalinoglou, Y Koutedakis, GD Kitas
  • Hospital Chronicles
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Rheumatoid cachexia: causes, significance and possible interventions. Hospital Chronicles 2006;1:20–6

  • GS Metsios, A Stavropoulos-Kalinoglou, Y Koutedakis, GD. Kitas
  • 2006

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