Cigarette smoking increases the risk of albuminuria among subjects with type I diabetes.

@article{Chase1991CigaretteSI,
  title={Cigarette smoking increases the risk of albuminuria among subjects with type I diabetes.},
  author={H. Peter Chase and S. K. Garg and G. Marshall and Carla van den Berg and Stewart B Harris and William E. Jackson and Richard Hamman},
  journal={JAMA},
  year={1991},
  volume={265 5},
  pages={614-7}
}
The effect of cigarette smoking on diabetic renal and retinal complications was evaluated in 359 young subjects with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of increased albumin excretion rates was 2.8 times higher in smokers than nonsmokers. Mean glycohemoglobin levels and duration of diabetes were also significant factors in the development of diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy in a logistic regression model. Smoking remained a significant factor in the logistic regression model… CONTINUE READING

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