Cigarette smoking and risk for hearing impairment: a longitudinal study in Japanese male office workers.

@article{Nakanishi2000CigaretteSA,
  title={Cigarette smoking and risk for hearing impairment: a longitudinal study in Japanese male office workers.},
  author={Noriyuki Nakanishi and Mitsuharu Okamoto and Koshi Koshi Nakamura and Kenji Suzuki and Kozo Tatara},
  journal={Journal of occupational and environmental medicine},
  year={2000},
  volume={42 11},
  pages={
          1045-9
        }
}
The association of cigarette smoking with development of hearing impairment (loss of 30 dB at 1000 Hz and 40 dB at 4000 Hz) over a 5-year follow-up was studied in 1554 non-hearing-impaired Japanese male office workers who ranged in age from 30 to 59 years. After controlling for potential predictors of hearing impairment, the relative risk for low-frequency hearing impairment compared with never smokers was 1.12 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.57 to 2.17) for ever-smokers, 1.21 (95% CI, 0.65 to… CONTINUE READING
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