Cigarette smoking and effects on menstrual function.


OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between smoking and menstrual function, using biologic measures rather than self-report of menstrual cycle characteristics. METHODS In a prospective study, 408 women collected urine daily for one to seven menstrual segments (cycles), maintained daily diaries, and completed detailed interviews. Smoking data from the… (More)


Cite this paper

@article{Windham1999CigaretteSA, title={Cigarette smoking and effects on menstrual function.}, author={Gayle C. Windham and Eric P. Elkin and Shanna Helen Swan and Kirsten Waller and Laura Fenster}, journal={Obstetrics and gynecology}, year={1999}, volume={93 1}, pages={59-65} }