Does Fibrin Glue Reduce Lymph Leakage (Pleural Effusion) after Extended Esophagectomy? Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial
Among 30 patients who underwent thoracoscopic esophagectomy with lymphadenectomy for thoracic esophageal cancer, from July 1995 to May 1997, chylothorax developed in 2 patients (7%). In Case 1, the ligation of the thoracic duct under conventional right thoracotomy was performed on the 9th day after esophagectomy. After ligation, the pleural effusion was decreased, and the patient was discharged from hospital on the 25th day after the second operation. In Case 2, massive pleural effusion developed on the 10th day after esophagectomy (at 3 days after thoracic drainage tube was removed). The thoracic duct was ligated at the level just cranial to the diaphragm thoracoscopically on the 14th day after esophagectomy. The patient was discharged from hospital on the 30th day after the second operation. Injury to the thoracic duct due to a magnification effect of the view of scopic surgery remains a pitfall in thoracoscopic esophagectomy. But thoracoscopic ligation of thoracic duct was effective and safe for these two cases of chylothorax after esophagectomy.