Church and Crusade: Frederick II and Louis IX

@article{Powell2007ChurchAC,
  title={Church and Crusade: Frederick II and Louis IX},
  author={James M. Powell},
  journal={The Catholic Historical Review},
  year={2007},
  volume={93},
  pages={264 - vi, 250}
}
  • J. M. Powell
  • Published 12 July 2007
  • History, Political Science
  • The Catholic Historical Review
In the course of the thirteenth century, the crusade movement underwent significant changes. Its focus expanded beyond military expeditions against the Muslims as it came increasingly to be employed for political purposes and in defense of the faith. Increasingly, leadership of major crusading expeditions was under the control of secular rulers. Frederick II and Louis IX, though often contrasted, shared a common view of their role as leaders of the crusade. The role of the papacy, which through… 
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