Chronology, causes and progression of the Messinian salinity crisis

  title={Chronology, causes and progression of the Messinian salinity crisis},
  author={Wout Krijgsman and Frederik J. Hilgen and Isabella Raffi and Francisco Javier Sierro and David Sloane Wilson},
The Messinian salinity crisis is widely regarded as one of the most dramatic episodes of oceanic change of the past 20 or so million years (refs 1–3). Earliest explanations were that extremely thick evaporites were deposited in a deep and desiccated Mediterranean basin that had been repeatedly isolated from the Atlantic Ocean,, but elucidation of the causes of the isolation — whether driven largely by glacio-eustatic or tectonic processes — have been hampered by the absence of an accurate time… 
Deep roots of the Messinian salinity crisis
Using a thermomechanical model, it is shown that westward roll back of subducted Tethys oceanic lithosphere and associated asthenospheric upwelling provides a plausible mechanism for producing the shift in magma chemistry and the necessary uplift along the African and Iberian continental margins to close the Miocene marine gateways, thereby causing the Messinian salinity crisis.
The Messinian Salinity Crisis in the Mediterranean
  • M. Cita
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2001
Evaporite accumulation during the Messinian Salinity Crisis: The Suez Rift case
The Mediterranean Basin may have not always been connected to the Atlantic Ocean. During the Messinian Salinity Crisis (5.96–5.33 Myr), the Mediterranean Sea reduced progressively its connection with
Regional isostatic response to Messinian Salinity Crisis events
The Messinian salinity legacy: 50 years later
AbstractThe so-called Messinian salinity crisis, which dramatically affected the Mediterranean Sea at the end of Miocene, and resulted in the accumulation of important quantities of both layered and
Age refinement of the Messinian salinity crisis onset in the Mediterranean
We propose a revised age calibration of the Messinian salinity crisis onset in the Mediterranean at 5.971 Ma based on the recognition of an extra gypsum cycle in the transitional interval of the
Imprint of Messinian Salinity Crisis events on the Spanish Atlantic margin
One of the outstanding research questions regarding the Mediterranean’s Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC) is whether mechanisms that generated Messinian events also have an expression outside the basin


Sr isotope constraints on the Mediterranean environment at the end of the Messinian salinity crisis
PROBABLY the most profound event that has affected the Mediter-ranean is the desiccation which occurred at the end of the Miocene1–8. During this period, there was a very rapid change from deep,
Alternate interpretation of the Messinian salinity crisis: Controversy resolved?
A high-resolution chronology of the Mediterranean Messinian salinity crisis is proposed. Two types of evaporite deposition may be distinguished: those in marginal areas vs. those in basinal ones.
Tectonics and sequence stratigraphy in Messinian basins, Sicily: Constraints on the initiation and termination of the Mediterranean salinity crisis
Deposits within the Caltanissetta basin of central Sicily have been important for developing the desiccating deep basin model for the Messinian salinity crisis in the Mediterranean. Linked structural
Paleoceanographic Significance of Late Miocene to Early Pliocene Planktonic Foraminifers at Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 609
The planktonic foraminifers in 124 samples from Holes 609 and 609B have been analyzed quantitatively to see whether oceanographic events in the late Miocene and early Pliocene (6.5-4.0 Ma) are
Uplift of the shores of the western Mediterranean due to Messinian desiccation and flexural isostasy
During the Messinian Stage (5.5 Myr, Miocene/Pliocene boundary) the 4.2×1023 m3 of water that now fills the Mediterranean evaporated. Evidence for this includes palaeogorges 1 km below the present
Pliocene stable isotope stratigraphy of site 846
Oxygen and carbon isotope ratios were measured in benthic foraminifers from the entire Pliocene and latest Miocene sections of Site 846, a 180-m section, at a sampling interval of 10 cm. This
Ocean Drilling Program Site 926 sediments are well suited to serve as a reference section for calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy from the low-latitude Atlantic Ocean in the 0- to 14-Ma time