Chronic toxicity of copper and ammonia to juvenile freshwater mussels (Unionidae).

@article{Wang2007ChronicTO,
  title={Chronic toxicity of copper and ammonia to juvenile freshwater mussels (Unionidae).},
  author={Ning Wang and Christopher G. Ingersoll and I Eugene Greer and Douglas K Hardesty and Christopher D Ivey and James L Kunz and William G. Brumbaugh and F. James Dwyer and Andy D Roberts and Tom Augspurger and Cynthia J M Kane and Richard Neves and Meghan C Barnhart},
  journal={Environmental toxicology and chemistry},
  year={2007},
  volume={26 10},
  pages={2048-56}
}
The objectives of the present study were to develop methods for conducting chronic toxicity tests with juvenile mussels under flow-through conditions and to determine the chronic toxicity of copper and ammonia to juvenile mussels using these methods. In two feeding tests, two-month-old fatmucket (Lampsilis siliquoidea) and rainbow mussel (Villosa iris) were fed various live algae or nonviable algal mixture for 28 d. The algal mixture was the best food resulting in high survival (>or=90%) and… CONTINUE READING