Chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity of dietary administered ammonium sulfate in F344 rats.

Abstract

Chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity studies of ammonium sulfate, used as a food additive in fermentation, were performed in male and female Fisher 344 rats at dietary concentrations of 0%, 0.1%, 0.6% and 3.0% in a 52-week toxicity study and 0%, 1.5% and 3.0% in a 104-week carcinogenicity study. Treatment with ammonium sulfate caused significant increase in kidney and/or liver weights in males and females of the 3.0% diet group, but no effects were found on survival rate, body weights, and hematological, serum biochemical or histopathological parameters at any dose levels in the chronic toxicity study. Regarding carcinogenicity, ammonium sulfate did not exert any significant influence on the incidences of tumors in any of the organs and tissues examined. It was concluded that the no observed adverse effect level of ammonium sulfate was the 0.6% diet, which is equivalent to 256 and 284 mg/kg b.w./day in males and females, respectively, and the compound is non-carcinogenic under the conditions of the study.

Cite this paper

@article{Ota2006ChronicTA, title={Chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity of dietary administered ammonium sulfate in F344 rats.}, author={Yasunori Ota and Mai Hasumura and Mikio Okamura and Ayako Takahashi and Minoru Ueda and Hiroshi Onodera and Takao Imai and Kunitosh Mitsumori and Masao Hirose}, journal={Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association}, year={2006}, volume={44 1}, pages={17-27} }