Chronic pain management: nonpharmacological therapies for chronic pain.

  title={Chronic pain management: nonpharmacological therapies for chronic pain.},
  author={K Chang and Roger B. Fillingim and Robert W. Hurley and Siegfried O. F. Schmidt},
  journal={FP essentials},
Nonpharmacologic therapies have become a vital part of managing chronic pain (CP). Although these can be used as stand-alone therapies, nonpharmacologic treatments often are used to augment and complement pharmacologic treatments (ie, multimodal therapy). Nonpharmacologic approaches can be classified as behavioral, cognitive, integrative, and physical therapies. Core principles in developing a treatment plan are explaining the nature of the CP condition, setting appropriate goals, and… CONTINUE READING
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