Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Usefulness of clinical signs, bronchoalveolar lavage, and lung biopsy as diagnostic and prognostic aids.

@article{Naylor1992ChronicOP,
  title={Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Usefulness of clinical signs, bronchoalveolar lavage, and lung biopsy as diagnostic and prognostic aids.},
  author={Jonathan Michael Naylor and Edward Ted G Clark and Hilary M Clayton},
  journal={The Canadian veterinary journal = La revue veterinaire canadienne},
  year={1992},
  volume={33 9},
  pages={
          591-8
        }
}
We examined 18 horses with clinical signs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) using physical examination, cytological and bacteriological evaluation of bronchoalveolar fluid, and percutaneous lung biopsy. In 16 cases, histological examination of lung tissue confirmed the diagnosis of COPD. Two horses were excluded: one had uncomplicated bacterial pneumonia and in the other a satisfactory lung biopsy could not be obtained. In horses with COPD, the most common historical complaint was… CONTINUE READING

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